foreign payments difficulties

  • 1 Foreign trade of the Soviet Union — Soviet foreign trade played only a minor role in the Soviet economy. In 1985, for example, exports and imports each accounted for only 4 percent of the Soviet gross national product. The Soviet Union maintained this low level because it could… …

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  • 2 Foreign exchange market — Forex redirects here. For the football club, see FC Forex Braşov. Foreign exchange Exchange rates Currency band Exchange rate Exchange rate regime Exchange rate flexibility Dollarization Fixed exchange rate Floating exchange rate Linked exchange… …

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  • 3 Teaching English as a foreign language — TEFL or teaching English as a foreign language refers to teaching English to students whose first language is not English and is taught in a region where English is not the dominant language and natural English language immersion situations are… …

    Wikipedia

  • 4 balance of payments —    Spain s balance of payments shows the usual cycle of oscillations between surplus years and deficit years. From the early 1960s to the early 1970s there was generally a surplus. But Spain s dependence on imported oil changed the situation… …

    Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • 5 international trade — Introduction       economic transactions that are made between countries. Among the items commonly traded are consumer goods, such as television sets and clothing; capital goods, such as machinery; and raw materials and food. Other transactions… …

    Universalium

  • 6 international payment and exchange — ▪ economics Introduction international exchange also called  foreign exchange        respectively, any payment made by one country to another and the market in which national currencies are bought and sold by those who require them for such… …

    Universalium

  • 7 economic planning — Use of government to make economic decisions with respect to the use of resources. In communist countries with a state planning apparatus, detailed and rigid planning results in a command economy; land, capital, and the means of production are… …

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  • 8 History of Ecuador — This is the history of Ecuador. See also the history of South America and the history of present day nations and states.Pre Columbian EcuadorEcuador offers little archeological evidence of its pre Hispanic civilizations. Nonetheless, its most… …

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  • 9 ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 10 Bulgaria — /bul gair ee euh, bool /, n. a republic in SE Europe. 8,652,745; 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Cap.: Sofia. * * * Bulgaria Introduction Bulgaria Background: The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in …

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  • 11 economic growth — Process by which a nation s wealth increases over time. The most widely used measure of economic growth is the real rate of growth in a country s total output of goods and services (gauged by the gross domestic product adjusted for inflation, or… …

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  • 12 History of Ecuador (1960–1990) — History of Ecuador This article is part of a series Ancient Cultures of Ecuador …

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  • 13 Guinea-Bissau — /gin ee bi sow /, n. a republic on the W coast of Africa, between Guinea and Senegal: formerly a Portuguese overseas province; gained independence in 1974. 1,178,584; 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km). Cap.: Bissau. Formerly, Portuguese Guinea. * *… …

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  • 14 Lloyd, Selwyn — ▪ British statesman also called  (1976–78) John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn lloyd, Baron Selwyn lloyd Of Wirral   born July 28, 1904, Liverpool died May 17, 1978, Preston Crowmarsh, Oxfordshire, Eng.       British Conservative politician who was foreign …

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  • 15 Char D1 — Type Tank Place of origin …

    Wikipedia

  • 16 International Monetary Fund — IMF A specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1947 to promote stability and convertibility in the international monetary system. The Fund assists any member experiencing short term balance of payments difficulties by supplying the …

    Accounting dictionary

  • 17 International Monetary Fund — IMF An international organization established in 1947 to enhance stability and convertibility in the international monetary system. The Fund assists any member experiencing short term balance of payments difficulties by supplying the amount of… …

    Big dictionary of business and management

  • 18 Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …

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  • 19 Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …

    Universalium

  • 20 Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …

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