costs of circulation

  • 1Circulation problem — The circulation problem and its variants is a generalisation of network flow problems, with the added constraint of a lower bound on edge flows, and with flow conservation also being required for the source and sink (i.e. there are no special… …

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  • 2Circulation costs — Расходы на сбыт тиража …

    Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • 3Capital, Volume II — Capital , Volume 2, subtitled The Process of Circulation of Capital was prepared by Friedrich Engels from notes left by Karl Marx and published in 1893. It is divided into three parts [cite book|title=Capital Vol2.|isbn=0 7178 0483… …

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  • 4ИЗДЕРЖКИ ОБРАЩЕНИЯ — (di trition co t ; marketing co t ) затраты живого и овеществленного труда в денежной форме, опосредуемые товарным обращением. И.о. делятся на чистые (pure costs of circulation), обусловленные актом купли продажи товаров, и дополнительные… …

    Внешнеэкономический толковый словарь

  • 5Maclean's — Weekly newsmagazine published in Toronto, the leading Canadian magazine. It provides coverage of Canadian affairs and world news from a Canadian perspective. Founded by John Bayne Maclean as The Business Magazine in 1905, its large page format… …

    Universalium

  • 6Georges Janssen — (died 9 June 1941) was a Belgian lawyer, civil servant and governor of the National Bank of Belgium (NBB) from 1938 until 1941.CareerHe stated his career as a lawyer and als built an academic career, as from 1928 he was a professor in the Law… …

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  • 7Чистые издержки обращения — затраты, непосредственно связанные с куплей продажей товара. По английски: Pure costs of circulation Синонимы: Непроизводственные издержки обращения См. также: Издержки обращения Финансовый словарь Финам …

    Финансовый словарь

  • 8Non-simultaneity — Part of a series on Marxism …

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  • 9Media and Publishing — ▪ 2007 Introduction The Frankfurt Book Fair enjoyed a record number of exhibitors, and the distribution of free newspapers surged. TV broadcasters experimented with ways of engaging their audience via the Internet; mobile TV grew; magazine… …

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  • 10publishing, history of — Introduction       an account of the selection, preparation, and marketing of printed matter from its origins in ancient times to the present. The activity has grown from small beginnings into a vast and complex industry responsible for the… …

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  • 11United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …

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  • 12Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …

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  • 13ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 14china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …

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  • 15China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …

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  • 16japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …

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  • 17Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …

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  • 18Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …

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  • 19Banknote — Banknotes with a face value of 5000 of different currencies. two sides of 1 …

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  • 20Capital, Volume I — is the first of three volumes in Karl Marx s monumental work, Das Kapital, and the only volume to be published during his lifetime. Originally published in 1867, Marx s aim in Capital, Volume I is to uncover and explain the laws specific to the… …

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