commodity tax

  • 101Government debt — Public Finance A series on Government …

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  • 102Pharaoh (video game) — Pharaoh Developer(s) Impressions Games Publisher(s) Sierra Entertainment …

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  • 103Economic democracy — is a socioeconomic philosophy that suggests a shift in decision making power from a small minority of corporate shareholders to a larger majority of public stakeholders. There is no single definition or approach for economic democracy, but most… …

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  • 104Ghana — Ghanaian, Ghanian /gah nee euhn, gan ee /, n., adj. /gah neuh, gan euh/, n. 1. a republic in West Africa comprising the former colonies of the Gold Coast and Ashanti, the protectorate of the Northern Territories, and the U.N. trusteeship of… …

    Universalium

  • 105Latin America, history of — Introduction       history of the region from the pre Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th century wars of independence, and developments to the end of World War II.… …

    Universalium

  • 106Labor theory of value — The labor theories of value (LTV) are theories in economics according to which the values of commodities are related to the labor needed to produce them.There are many different accounts of labor value, with the common element that the value of… …

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  • 107Opium — For other uses, see Opium (disambiguation). Opium Opium poppy fruit exuding latex from a cut Botanical Opium Source plant(s) Papaver somnifer …

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  • 108Speculation — Speculator redirects here. For the village, see Speculator, New York. For the Montana mining incident, see Speculator Mine disaster. This article is about the financial term. For other uses, see Speculation (disambiguation). Financial market… …

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  • 109Presidency of Bill Clinton — 42nd President of the United States In office January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Vice President Albert Gore, Jr …

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  • 110Bank Islam Malaysia — Infobox Company company name = Bank Islam Malaysia Bhd (Bank Islam) company logo = company type = Public company slogan = Leadership, Dynamism, Professionalism, Care and Trustworthiness foundation = 1 July 1983 location = Kuala Lumpur,… …

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  • 111Silver as an investment — Silver, like other precious metals, may be used as an investment. For more than four thousand years, silver has been regarded as a form of money and store of value. However, since the end of the silver standard, silver has lost its role as legal… …

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  • 112option — op·tion 1 / äp shən/ n 1: the power or right to choose; also: a choice made or available 2: a privilege of demanding fulfillment of a contract on any day within a specified time 3: a contract conveying in exchange for the payment of a premium a… …

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  • 1132007–2008 world food price crisis — The years 2007–2008 saw dramatic rises in world food prices, creating a global crisis and causing political and economical instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations. Systemic causes for the world wide increases in food… …

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  • 114Computers and Information Systems — ▪ 2009 Introduction Smartphone: The New Computer.       The market for the smartphone in reality a handheld computer for Web browsing, e mail, music, and video that was integrated with a cellular telephone continued to grow in 2008. According to… …

    Universalium

  • 115Australian Securities Exchange — ASX redirects here. For other uses, see ASX (disambiguation). Australian Securities Exchange …

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  • 116Futures contract — Financial markets Public market Exchange Securities Bond market Fixed income Corporate bond Government bond Municipal bond …

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  • 117Critique of capitalism — Capitalism has been critiqued from many perspectives during its history. Criticisms range from people who disagree with the principles of capitalism in its entirety, to those who disagree with particular outcomes of capitalism. Among those… …

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  • 118Economic history of Chile — Colonial era to 1690In colonial times, the segmentation of Chile into latifundios left only small parcels for native American and mestizo villagers to cultivate. Cattle raised on the latifundios were a source of tallow and hides, which were sent …

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  • 119Vanuatu — Vanuatuan, adj., n. /vah nooh ah tooh/, n. a republic consisting of a group of 80 islands in the S Pacific, ab. 1000 mi. (1600 km) NE of Australia: formerly under joint British and French administration; gained independence 1980. 181,358; ab.… …

    Universalium

  • 120western Africa, history of — Introduction       history of the region from the 11th century to the present.       A reasonable body of sources for the writing of western African history begins to be available about AD 1000. Three centuries earlier, the Arabs (Arab) had… …

    Universalium