aliphatic hydrocarbon

  • 1aliphatic hydrocarbon — a hydrocarbon in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring …

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  • 2Hydrocarbon mixtures — are a group of various volatile, highly flammable, mixtures used chiefly as nonpolar solvents.CompositionHydrocarbon mixtures are composed of hydrocarbons, benzine, and petroleum ethers.A hydrocarbon is any chemical compound that consists only of …

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  • 3hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …

    Universalium

  • 4Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …

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  • 5aliphatic — /al euh fat ik/, adj. Chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms can be straight chain, branched chain, or cyclic, as in alicyclic compounds; saturated, as in the paraffins; or unsaturated, as in… …

    Universalium

  • 6aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …

    Medical dictionary

  • 7hydrocarbon — A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon. Diels h. a phenanthrene derivative obtained by the dehydrogenation of various steroids. saturated h. a h. that contains the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, so that the …

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  • 8aliphatic hydrocarbons — Organic hydrocarbon compounds in which the carbon atoms are joined in open chains, as opposed to ring structures of aromatic and naphthenic compounds. Examples: ethane, propane, butane. Many are building blocks for petrochemicals …

    Petroleum refining glossary

  • 9aliphatic — al•i•phat•ic [[t]ˌæl əˈfæt ɪk[/t]] adj. chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms form open chains • Etymology: 1885–90; < Gk aleiphat , s. of áleiphar oil, fat + ic …

    From formal English to slang

  • 10hydrocarbon — hy•dro•car•bon [[t]ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr [/t]] n. chem. any of a class of aliphatic, cyclic, or aromatic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane or benzene • Etymology: 1820–30 hy dro•car bo•na′ceous, adj …

    From formal English to slang

  • 11alicyclic hydrocarbon — a hydrocarbon that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties. Hydrocarbons. (A), Benzene, C6H6, an aromatic hydrocarbon; (B), cyclohexane, C6H12, an alicyclic hydrocarbon; (C), n hexane, C6H14, an aliphatic hydrocarbon …

    Medical dictionary

  • 12Aromatic hydrocarbon — Arene redirects here. For other uses, see Arene (disambiguation). An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene[1] (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon)[2] is a hydrocarbon with alternating double and single bonds between carbon atoms. The term aromatic was… …

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  • 13alkyl — 1. A hydrocarbon radical of the general formula CnH2n+1. 2. A compound, such as tetraethyl lead, in which a metal is combined with a. radicals. SYN: alkide. arylated a. SYN: aralkyl. * * * al·kyl al kəl adj …

    Medical dictionary

  • 14alkene — An acyclic hydrocarbon containing one or more double bonds; e.g., ethene, propene. SYN: olefin. * * * al·kene al .kēn n any of numerous unsaturated hydrocarbons having one double bond specif any of a series of aliphatic hydrocarbons CnH2n (as… …

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  • 15алифатический углеводород — — [http://www.eionet.europa.eu/gemet/alphabetic?langcode=en] EN aliphatic hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons having an open chain of carbon atoms, whether normal or forked, saturated or unsaturated. (Source: MGH)… …

    Справочник технического переводчика

  • 16olefine — noun any unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon • Syn: ↑alkene, ↑olefin • Hypernyms: ↑aliphatic compound • Hyponyms: ↑ethylene, ↑ethene * * * noun see …

    Useful english dictionary

  • 17Ethane — This article is about the chemical compound. For the emergency service protocol, see ETHANE. Ethane …

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  • 18polyene — A chemical compound having a series of conjugated (alternating) double bonds; e.g., the carotenoids. * * * poly·ene päl ē .ēn n an organic compound containing many double bonds esp one having the double bonds in a long aliphatic hydrocarbon chain …

    Medical dictionary

  • 19Polypropylene carbonate — (PPC), also called poly(propylene carbonate), is a polyalkylene carbonate plastic material, a copolymer of carbon dioxide and propylene oxide. It is made by reacting the monomers in presence of eg. a zinc glutarate catalyst. Its CAS number is… …

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  • 20nitrocarbon — noun Any nitro derivative of a hydrocarbon, especially of an aliphatic hydrocarbon …

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