advance of the perihelion

  • 1Einstein , Albert — (1879–1955) German–Swiss–American theoretical physicist Einstein was born at Ulm in Germany where his father was a manufacturer of electrical equipment. Business failure led his father to move the family first to Munich, where Einstein entered… …

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  • 2Tropical year — A tropical year (also known as a solar year), for general purposes, is the length of time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons, as seen from Earth; for example, the time from vernal equinox to vernal equinox,… …

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  • 3physical science — physical scientist. 1. any of the natural sciences dealing with inanimate matter or with energy, as physics, chemistry, and astronomy. 2. these sciences collectively. [1835 45] * * * Introduction       the systematic study of the inorganic world …

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  • 4List of important publications in physics — Optics Book of Optics *Ibn al Haytham (Alhacen)Description: The Book of Optics (Arabic: Kitab al Manazir , Latin: De Aspectibus ) is a seven volume treatise on optics and physics, written by the Iraqi Arab Muslim scientist Ibn al Haytham… …

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  • 5Karl Schwarzschild — Infobox Scientist name = Karl Schwarzschild box width = image width =150px caption = Karl Schwarzschild (1873 1916) birth date = October 9, 1873 birth place = Frankfurt am Main death date = May 11, 1916 death place = residence = citizenship =… …

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  • 6Le Verrier , Urbain Jean Joseph — (1811–1877) French astronomer Born the son of a local government official in St. Lô, northern France, Le Verrier was educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and worked afterward on chemical problems with Joseph Gay Lussac. He became a lecturer in… …

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  • 7celestial mechanics — the branch of astronomy that deals with the application of the laws of dynamics and Newton s law of gravitation to the motions of heavenly bodies. [1815 25] * * * Branch of astronomy that deals with the mathematical theory of the motions of… …

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  • 8Mercury (planet) — Mercury  ☿ …

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  • 9Alternatives to general relativity — are physical theories that attempt to describe the phenomena of gravitation in competition to Einstein s theory of general relativity.There have been many different attempts at constructing an ideal theory of gravity. These attempts can be split… …

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  • 10Speed of gravity — In the context of classical theories of gravitation, the speed of gravity refers to the speed at which a gravitational field propagates. This is the speed at which changes in the distribution of energy and momentum result in noticeable changes in …

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  • 11Precession — For other uses, see Precession (disambiguation). Precession of a gyroscope Precession is a change in the orientation of the rotation axis of a rotating body. It can be defined as a change in direction of the rotation axis in which the second… …

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  • 12Milankovitch cycles — Past and future Milankovitch cycles. VSOP allows prediction of past and future orbital parameters with great accuracy. ε is obliquity (axial tilt). e is eccentricity. ϖ is longitude of perihelion. esin(ϖ) is the precession index, which together… …

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  • 13Relativity priority dispute — Albert Einstein presented the theories of Special Relativity and General Relativity in groundbreaking publications that either contained no formal references to previous literature, or referred only to a small number of his predecessors for… …

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  • 14Comet Arend–Roland — C/1956 R1 (Arend–Roland) Discovery Discovered by: Sylvain Arend, Georges Roland Discovery date: 1956 Alternate designations: 1957 III, 1956h, C/1956 R1 …

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  • 15Solar sail — Solar sails (also called light sails or photon sails, especially when they use light sources other than the Sun) are a proposed form of spacecraft propulsion using large membrane mirrors. Radiation pressure is about 10 5 Pa at Earth s distance… …

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  • 16asteroid — asteroidal, adj. /as teuh royd /, n. 1. Also called minor planet. Astron. any of the thousands of small bodies of from 480 miles (775 km) to less than one mile (1.6 km) in diameter that revolve about the sun in orbits lying mostly between those… …

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