Список ликвидированных автопроизводителей США


Список ликвидированных автопроизводителей США

Это список ликвидированных автопроизводителей Соединенных Штатов. Они были ликвидированы по различным причинам, таким как банкротство материнской компании, слияние или другая причина.

Содержание:

A

1911 Abbott-Detroit
1906 Adams-Farwell
Taylor Aerocar III
1912 ALCO
1952 Allstate
1939 American Bantam
1974 AMC Gremlin
1913 American Underslung
1932 Auburn 8-100A Custom 4-Door Sedan
  • ABC (1906–1910)
  • ABC (1922)
  • Abbott-Detroit (1909–1916; Abbott 1917-1918)[1]
  • Abenaque (1900)[2]
  • Able (1917–1919)
  • Ace (1920–1922)
  • Acme (1903–1911)
  • Adams-Farwell (1899–1912)
  • Adria (1921–1922)
  • Advance (1908)[3]
  • A.E.C. (1913–1915)[4]
  • Aerocar (1905–1908)
  • Aero Car (1921)
  • Aerocar (1946)
  • Aero-Type (Victor Page модель)[5]
  • Ahrens-Fox (1913)
  • Airscoot (1947)
  • Airway (1949–1950)[6]
  • Ajax (1914–1915)
  • Ajax (1920–1921)
  • Ajax (1925–1926)
  • Ajax Electric (1901–1903)[7]
  • Akron (1899–1901)[5]
  • Alamobile (1913)[5]
  • Aland (1916–1917)
  • Albany (1907–1908)
  • Albatross (1939)
  • ALCO (1909–1913)[5]
  • Alden-Sampson (1904, 1911)
  • Aldo (1910–1911)
  • Alena Steam Car (1922)
  • All-Steel (1915–1916)
  • Allen (1913–1922)
  • Allen (1913–1914)
  • Allen Kingston (1907–1910)
  • Allis-Chalmers (before 1919)
  • Allstate (1952–1953)
  • Alma Steam (1938)[5]
  • Alpena (1910–1914)
  • Alsace (1920–1921)
  • Alter (1914–1917)
  • Altha Electric (1905)[5]
  • Altham (1896–1899)
  • Altman (1901)
  • Aluminum (1920–1922)
  • Amalgamated (1917–1919)
  • Ambassador (1921–1925)[5]
  • Amco (1917–1922)
  • America (1911)
  • American (1899)[5]
  • American (1902–1903)[5]
  • American (1903–1905)[8]
  • American (1906–1914)
  • American (1911–1912)[5]
  • American (1914)[5]
  • American (aka American (Balanced) Six) (1917–1924)[5]
  • American Austin (1929–1934; American Bantam 1938-1941)[5]
  • American Beauty (1918–1920) (see Pan-American)[9]
  • American Berliet (1906–1908)
  • American Chocolate (1903–1906)
  • American De Dion (1900–1901)
  • American Electric (1896–1902)
  • American Electric (1913–1914)
  • American Fiat (1910–1918)
  • American Gas (1902–1904)
  • American Junior (1916–1920)
  • American Juvenile Electric (1907)
  • American Locomotive (1906–1913)
  • American Mercedes (1904–1907)
  • American Mors (1906–1909)[5]
  • American Motors (or AMC) (1966–1987)
  • American Napier (1904–1912)
  • American Populaire (1904–1905)
  • American Power Carriage (1899–1900)[5]
  • American Simplex (1906–1910; Amplex 1910-1913)
  • American Steam Car (1924–1931)
  • American Steamer (1922–1924)
  • American Tri-Car (1912)
  • American Underslung (1905–1914)
  • American Waltham (1898–1899)
  • American Wheelock[10]
  • Ames (1910–1915)[5]
  • Ams-Sterling (1917)[5]
  • Anahuac (1922)
  • Anchor Buggy (1910–1911)
  • Anderson (1907–1910)
  • Anderson (1916–1925)[5]
  • Anger (see A.E.C.)[11]
  • Angus (see Fuller)[5]
  • Anheuser-Busch (1905)[12]
  • Anhut (1909–1910)
  • Ann Arbor (1911–1912)
  • Anna (1912)
  • Ansted (1926–1927)
  • Ansted-Lexington (1922)
  • Anthony (1897)
  • Anthony (1899–1900)[5]
  • Apollo (1906–1907)
  • Apollo (1962–1964)
  • Apperson (1902–1926)
  • Apple (1917–1918)
  • Aptera Motors (2005-2011)
  • Arabian (1915–1917)
  • ArBenz (1911–1918)[5]
  • Ardsley (1905–1906)
  • Argo (1914–1916)
  • Argo Electric (1912–1916)
  • Argonne (1919–1920)
  • Ariel (1905–1907)
  • Aristos (see Mondex-Magic)[5]
  • Armstrong Electric (1885–1902)
  • Arnolt (1953–1954)[13]
  • Arrow Cyclecar (1914)
  • Artzberger (1904)[14]
  • Astra (1920)
  • Atlantic (1912–1914)[5]
  • Atlas (1906–1907)
  • Atlas (1907–1911; Atlas-Knight 1912-1913)
  • Auburn (1900–1936)
  • Auburn (1912–1915)
  • Aultman (1901)
  • Aurora (1905–1906)[5]
  • Aurora (1907–1909)
  • Aurora (1957–1958)
  • Austen (see Roper)[5]
  • Austin (1901–1921)[5]
  • Auto-Acetylene (1899)[5]
  • Auto-Bug (1909–1910)[5]
  • Auto Cub (1956)
  • Autocar (1900–1912)
  • Auto Cycle (1906–1907)[5]
  • Auto Dynamic (1900–1902)[5]
  • Autoette (1910–1913)
  • Autoette (1948–1970)
  • Auto Fore
  • Automatic (1921)[5]
  • Automobile Fore Carriage (1900)[15]
  • Automobile Voiturette (see Gasmobile)[5]
  • Automotor (1901–1904)[5]
  • Auto Parts (see King-Remick)[16]
  • Auto Tricar (1914)[5]
  • Auto Two (see Buffalo)[5]
  • Auto Vehicle (see Tourist)[5]
  • Avery (1914)[5]

B

1909 Babcock
1919 Briscoe Model B 4/24 Touring
1912 Brush Runabout
  • Babcock (1909–1913)[17]
  • Babcock Electric (1906–1912)
  • Baby Moose (1914)
  • Bachelle Electric (1900–1903)[5]
  • Bacon (1901, 1919–1920)[5]
  • Badger (1910–1911)[18]
  • Bailey (1907–1910)[5]
  • Bailey Electric (1907–1916)
  • Baker-Bell (1913)
  • Baker & Elberg Electric (1894–1895)
  • Baker Electric (1899–1916)[19]
  • Baker Steam (1918–1922, 1925)[5]
  • Balboa (1924–1925)[5]
  • Baldner (1900–1903)[5]
  • Baldwin (1896–1901)
  • Baldwin (1899–1901)[5]
  • Ball Steam (1868, 1902)[5]
  • Balzer (1894–1900)
  • Banker (1905)[5]
  • Bantam (1914)[20]
  • Barbarino (1923–1925)[5]
  • Bar Harbor (1900–1902)
  • Barley (1916–1929)
  • Barlow Steamer (1917–1922)[5]
  • Barnes (1907)
  • Barnes (1910)
  • Barnes Steam Trap (1899)
  • Barrett & Perrett Electric (1896)
  • Barrows Electric (1895–1899)[21]
  • Bartholomew (1902)[5]
  • Bates (1897)[5]
  • Bates (1904–1905)
  • Bauer (1914–1916)[5]
  • Bauer (1925–1927)
  • Bay State (1907–1908)[5]
  • Bay State (1922–1926)
  • Beardsley (1914–1917)[5]
  • Beebe (1905–1906)
  • Beechcraft (1946)[13]
  • Beggs (1919–1923)[5]
  • Belden (1907–1911)[5]
  • Bell (1916–1922)[22]
  • Bell (1917)
  • Bellefontaine (1908)
  • Belmont (1909–1910)
  • Belmont (1916)[23]
  • Bendix (1908–1909)[5]
  • Benham (1914)
  • Ben Hur (1917–1918)[8]
  • Benner (1909)[5]
  • Bentel (1916–1919)
  • Berg Automobile (1903–1905)[24]
  • Berg Electric (1920–1921)
  • Bergdoll (1910–1913)[5]
  • Berwick Electric (1904)
  • Berkshire (1905–1912)[5]
  • Berliet (see American Berliet)[5]
  • Bertolet (1908–1910)[5]
  • Best (1898–1899)[25]
  • Bethlehem [26]
  • Beverly (1904)[5]
  • Bewis [5]
  • Bi-Autogo (1908–1912)[27]
  • Biddle (1915–1922)
  • Biesel (1914)
  • Bimel (1916–1917)[5]
  • Binghamton Electric (1920)
  • Binney & Burnham (1901–1902)
  • Birch (1916–1923)[9]
  • Birmingham (1921–1923)[5]
  • Black (1893, 1896–1900)
  • Black (1908–1910; Black-Crow 1909-1910)[28]
  • Black Diamond (1903)[5]
  • Blackhawk (1903)[5]
  • Blackhawk (1929–1930)
  • Bliss (1906)
  • B.L.M. (1906–1907)[5]
  • Blomstrom (1902–1903, 1907–1908)[5]
  • Blood (1902–1906)
  • BMC (1952)[29]
  • Boardman (1946)[13]
  • Bobbi-Kar (1945–1947)[13]
  • Boisselot (1901)[5]
  • Bolte (1900)[5]
  • Borbein (1900, 1904–1909)[5]
  • Borland Electric (1910–1916)[5]
  • Boss Steam Car (1897–1909)[25]
  • Boston & Amesbury (1902–1903)[5]
  • Boston High Wheel (1907)[5]
  • Bour-Davis (1915–1922)
  • Bournonville (see Rotary)[5]
  • Bowman (1921–1922)[5]
  • Bradfield (1929–1930)
  • Bradford (1904–1905)
  • Bradley (1920–1921)
  • Bramwell (1904–1905)[5]
  • Bramwell-Robinson (1899–1902)[5]
  • Brasie (1914–1916)[5]
  • Brazier (1902–1903)[5]
  • Brecht (1901–1903)[25]
  • Brennan (1902–1908)[5]
  • Brew-Hatcher (1904–1905)
  • Brewster (1915–1925, 1934–1937)
  • Briggs and Stratton (1919–1923)[5][30]
  • Briggs-Detroiter (1912–1917) (see Detroiter)
  • Brightwood (see Orson)[5]
  • Bridgeport (1913) Kimes 1985, p. 138</ref>
  • Bridgeport (1913) Kimes 1985, p. 138</ref>
  • Bridgeport Steamer (1901 Kimes 1985, p. 138</ref>-1903[31])
  • Briscoe (1913–1923)
  • Bristol (1903–1904)[25]
  • Broc Electric (1909–1916)[32]
  • Brogan (1946–1950)[13]
  • Brook (1920–1921)[5]
  • Brooks (1911–1912)[5]
  • Brooks Steamer (1927)[5]
  • Brown (1914)[5]
  • Brown (1916)
  • Brown-Burtt (see Cannon)[5]
  • Brownell (1907)[5]
  • Brownie (1916)[33]
  • Browniekar (1908–1911)[33]
  • Brunn (1906)
  • Brush (1907–1912)
  • Bryan Steam Car (1918–1923)
  • Buckeye (1895)[34]
  • Buckles (1914)[33]
  • Buckmobile (1903–1905)
  • Buffalo (1900–1902)
  • Buffalo Electric (1912–1915)
  • Buffum (1901–1907)
  • Buggy Car (1908–1909)[5]
  • Bugmobile (1907–1909)[35]
  • Burdick (1909)[33]
  • Burg (1910–1913)[33]
  • Burns (1908–1912)[33]
  • Burrows (1914–1915)
  • Bush (1916–1924)
  • Busse (1903)[36]
  • B-Z-T (1915)

C

1919 Chandler Light Weight Model 19 Touring
Checker Taxi
Citicar
Columbia Mark III Phaeton
1930 Cord L-29
  • C-A-C (1914–1915)
  • Cady (1901)[источник?]
  • California (1899)
  • California (1900–1902)
  • California (1910)[37]
  • California (1923–1925)
  • Californian Six (1920)[33]
  • Caloric (1903–1904)
  • Calvert (1927)[33]
  • Cameron (1902–1921)[38]
  • Cameron (1903–1920)[38]
  • Campbell (1918–1919)[33]
  • Canda (1900–1902)[33]
  • Cannon (1902–1906)
  • Cantono Electric (1904–1907)[33]
  • Capitol (circa 1889)[25]
  • Car de Luxe (1906–1910)
  • Car-Nation (aka Carnation) (1912–1915)
  • Cardway (1923–1924)[33]
  • Carhart (1871)[39]
  • Carhartt (1910–1912)
  • Carlson (1904)[33]
  • Carrison (1908)[33]
  • Carrol (see Compressed Air)[33]
  • Carroll (1908)[40]
  • Carroll (1911–1912)
  • Carroll Six (1921–1922)
  • Carter Steam (1901)[41]
  • Carter Twin-Engine (1907–1908)
  • Cartercar (1905–1916)
  • Cartermobile (1915)[42]
  • Cartermobile (1921–1922)
  • Carthage (1914–1915)[33]
  • Case (1911–1927)[43]
  • Cato (1910, 1912)[33]
  • Cavac (1910)
  • Cavalier (1926)[44]
  • C.B. (1917–1918)[33]
  • Ceco (1914–1915)[45]
  • Centaur (1902–1903)[33]
  • Central (1905–1906)[33]
  • Century (1900–1903)[46]
  • Century Electric (1911–1915)[33]
  • Century Steamer (1906)[25]
  • Century Tourist (1901)[33]
  • C-F (1907–1909)
  • C.G.P. (1915)[33]
  • Chadwick (1904–1916; 1960)[33]
  • Chalfant (1905–1912)[33]
  • Chalmers-Detroit (1908–1910; Chalmers 1911-1924)
  • Champion (1913)
  • Champion (1916)[33]
  • Champion (1919–1924)
  • Chandler (1913–1929)
  • Chapman Electric (1899–1901)[33]
  • Charter Oak (1917)[33]
  • Chase (1907–1912)[33]
  • Checker (1922–1982)
  • Chelsea (1914)[33]
  • Chicago (1895–1899)
  • Chicago (1902)[47]
  • Chicago Electric (1899–1901)[48]
  • Chicago Electric (1913–1916)
  • Chicago Motor Buggy (1908)
  • Chicago Steam Car (1905–1907)[49]
  • Chief (1908)[9]
  • Christie (1904–1910)[50]
  • Christman (1901–1905, 1907)[33]
  • Church-Field (1912–1913)
  • Church Pneumatic (1913–1914)
  • Cincinnati Steamer (1903–1904)[25]
  • CinO (1910–1913)[33]
  • Citicar (1974–1976)
  • Clark (1901)[25]
  • Clark (1910–1912)
  • Clark-Carter (1909–1911)
  • Clark Electric (1903–1905)[33]
  • Clark Electric (1909–1910)
  • Clark Electric (1910)
  • Clark-Hatfield (1908–1909)
  • Clarkmobile (1903–1904; Clark 1910-1911)[51]
  • Clark Steam Car (1900–1909)
  • Classic (1916–1917, 1920)[33]
  • Cleburne (see Luck Utility)[33]
  • Clermont (see Coats Steam Car)[52]
  • Cleveland (1902–1904)[53]
  • Cleveland (1905–1909)
  • Cleveland (1914)[53]
  • Cleveland (1919–1926)[53]
  • Cleveland Electric (1909–1910)
  • Climber (1919–1924)[54]
  • Clinton E. Woods Electric (1897–1901)[55]
  • Clipper (1902; steam car)[55]
  • Clipper (1956)[56][57]
  • Clough Steamer (1869)[55]
  • Cloughley (1896–1903)[33]
  • Club Car (1910–1911)[33]
  • Clyde Special (see Coyote Special)[33]
  • Clymer (1908)[58]
  • Coates-Goshen (1908–1910)
  • Coats Steam Car (1921–1923)
  • Coey (1913–1917)
  • Coggswell (1910–1911)[33]
  • Colburn (1906–1911)[59]
  • Colby (1911–1914)[33]
  • Cole (1909–1925)[60]
  • Colonial (1921–1922)[33]
  • Colonial Six (1917)
  • Colonial Electric (1912)
  • Colt (1907)[61]
  • Columbia (1897–1913)
  • Columbia Electric [33]
  • Columbia Six (1916–1924)[62]
  • Columbian Electric (1914–1917)[63]
  • Columbus (1907–1908)
  • Columbus (1907–1908)[33]
  • Columbus Electric (1903–1915)[64]
  • Comet (1907–1913)
  • Comet (1913–1914)
  • Comet (1914)
  • Comet (1917–1922)[65]
  • Comet (1946–1951)[13]
  • Commerce (1907–1908)[33]
  • Commerce (1922)
  • Commercial[66]
  • Commodore (1921–1922)[33]
  • Commonwealth (1917–1922)[33]
  • Compound (1904–1908)
  • Compressed Air (1909)
  • Conrad (1900–1903)[25]
  • Continental (1907–1908)
  • Continental (1910–1914)
  • Continental (1914)[67]
  • Continental (1933–1934)[33]
  • Continental (1956–1957)
  • Corbin (1904–1912)
  • Corbin (1999–2003)
  • Corbitt (1907–1914)[33]
  • Cord (1929–1932,1936–1937)
  • Corinthian (1922–1923)[33]
  • Cornelian (1914–1915)[33]
  • Cornish-Friedberg (see C-F)[33]
  • Correja (1909–1914)
  • Corwin (see Gas-au-lec)[68]
  • Cosmopolitan (1907–1910)[69]
  • Cotta Steam (1901–1903)[25]
  • Country Club (1903–1904)[33]
  • Courier (1904–1905)
  • Courier (1909–1911)[33]
  • Courier (1923)
  • Courier Clermont (1912) (see Courier)
  • Covert (1902–1907)
  • Coyote Special (1909–1910)
  • Craig-Toledo (1907)[33]
  • Crane (1912–1914; Crane-Simplex 1922)[70]
  • Crane & Breed (1912–1917)
  • Crawford (1904–1923)
  • Crescent (1913–1914)[62]
  • Crestmobile (1901–1905)
  • Cricket (1913–1914)
  • Criterion (see Kitto)[33]
  • Crompton (1902–1905)[25]
  • Crosley (1939–1952)
  • Crosley (1913–1914)[33]
  • Crouch (1894–1900)[25]
  • Crow (1911; Crow-Elkhart 1911-1923)[71]
  • Crowdus Electric (1899–1902)[33]
  • Crown (1905–1907)[33]
  • Crown (1908–1910)
  • Crown (1913–1914)
  • Crowther (1915–1916; Crowther-Duryea 1917)[33]
  • Croxton-Keeton (1909–1910; Croxton 1911-1914)[72]
  • Cruiser (1917–1919)[33]
  • Crusader (1914–1915)[73]
  • Cull (1899–1901)[33]
  • Culver (1905)[33]
  • Cunningham (1907–1936)[74]
  • Cunningham (1951–1955)[13]
  • Curtis (1920–1921)
  • Cutting (1909–1913)
  • C.V.I. (1907–1908)[33]
  • Cyclomobile (1920–1921)

D

1939 De Soto Series S-6 Custom De Luxe 4-Door Sedan
1930 Duesenberg J Walker Legrande Torpedo Phaeton
Du Pont Motors
Duryea automobile
  • D.A.C. (1922–1923)
  • Dagmar (1922–1927)
  • Dale (1974)
  • Dalton (1911–1912)[33]
  • Daniels (1916–1924)[75]
  • Dan Patch (1910–1911)[76]
  • Darby (1909–1910)[77]
  • Darling (1901–1902)[78]
  • Darling (1917)
  • Darrin (1946, 1955–1958)[13]
  • Darrow (1903)[33]
  • Dart (1910)
  • Dart (1914)
  • Davenport (1902)[79]
  • Davis (1908–1929)
  • Davis (1914)
  • Davis (1947–1949)[13]
  • Davis Steam Car (1921)[80]
  • Davis Totem (1921–1922)
  • Dawson (1904)[33]
  • Dawson Auto-Mobile (1899-1901)[81]
  • Day (1911–1914)
  • Day Steam (1901-1902)[82]
  • Dayton (1900–1902)[33]
  • Dayton (1914)
  • Dayton Electric (1902)[82]
  • Dayton Electric (1911–1915)[83]
  • Dayton Steam (1900-1902)[82]
  • Deal (1905–1911)[84]
  • Decatur (1896)
  • Decatur (1910–1911)[85]
  • Decatur (1914–1915)[86]
  • Decker (1902–1903)[33]
  • De Cross Cy-Car (1913–1914)[33]
  • Deere-Clark (1906; Deere 1907)[87]
  • Deering Magnetic (1918–1919)[33]
  • De La Vergne (1895–1896)
  • Delling (1924–1927)[25]
  • Delmore (1921–1923)[33]
  • Deltal (1913–1914; Delta 1923-1925)[33]
  • De Luxe (1906–1908)
  • De Mars Electric (1905–1906; Blakeslee Electric 1906; Williams Electric 1906-1907; Byrider Electric 1907-1910)[53]
  • DeMot or DeMotCar (1910–1911)[33]
  • De Motte (1904)
  • Demotcar (1910–1911)[33]
  • Denneed (1916)[53]
  • De Rain (1908–1911)[88]
  • Desberon (1901–1904)[33]
  • De Schaum (1908–1909)
  • De Shaw (1907–1909)
  • Des Moines (1902)
  • DeSoto (1913–1914)[89]
  • DeSoto (1928–1961)[90]
  • De Tamble (1908–1913)[33]
  • Detroit (1904–1908)
  • Detroit (1904)
  • Detroit Cyclecar (1913–1914)
  • Detroit-Dearborn (1910–1911)
  • Detroit Electric (1907–1939)
  • Detroiter (1912–1917)[33]
  • Detroit-Oxford (1905–1906) (see also Oxford)
  • Detroit-Speedster (1913–1914; Saginaw Speedster 1914)[33]
  • Detroit Steam (1922) (see also Trask-Detroit)
  • De Vaux (1931–1932)
  • De Vaux Continental (1932–1934)
  • DeWitt (1909–1910)
  • Dewabout (1900–1901)[33]
  • Dey Electric (1915–1917)[33]
  • Dey Griswold (1895–1898)[91]
  • Diamond (1914–1915)[92]
  • Diamond T (1905–1911)
  • Diana (1925–1928)
  • Dile (1914–1917)
  • Dingfelder (1903)
  • Disbrow (1917–1918)[53]
  • Dispatch (1910)[33]
  • Dixie (1908–1910)[93]
  • Dixie (1916)[33]
  • Dixie Flyer (1916–1923)[33]
  • D.L.G. (1907)
  • Doble (1914–1918, 1922–1931)
  • Dodge (1914–1915)
  • Dodge Steam (see Doble)[33]
  • Dodgeson (1926)
  • Dodo (1912)[26]
  • Dolson (1904–1907)
  • Dorris (1906–1926)
  • Dort (1915–1924)
  • Douglas (1918–1919)[33]
  • Dovell (circa 1980s)
  • Downing (1914–1915)[53]
  • Downing-Detroit (1913–1915)
  • Dragon (1906–1908)
  • Dragon (1920–1921)
  • Drake (1921–1922)[33]
  • Drexel (1916–1917)[33]
  • Driggs-Seabury (1915; Driggs 1921-1923)[33]
  • Drummond (1916–1917)[33]
  • Dual-Ghia (1956–1958)[13]
  • Duck (Jackson model)[94]
  • Dudly Bug (1913–1915)[33]
  • Dudgeon Steam (1857, 1866)[25]
  • Duer (1907–1910)[33]
  • Duesenberg (1913–1937)
  • Dumont (see Santos Dumont)[95]
  • Dunn (1916–1918)[33]
  • Duplex (1908–1909)[33]
  • Du Pont (1919–1931)
  • Duquesne (1904–1906)[33]
  • Duquesne (1912–1913)
  • Durabile (1902)[53]
  • Durant (1921–1931)
  • Durocar (1906–1911)[33]
  • Duryea (1893–1917)
  • Dusseau (1910–1911)[33]
  • Dyke (or St Louis) (1899–1901; Dyke-Britton 1904)[96]
  • Dymaxion (1933)[97]

E

1995 Eagle Talon
1904 Eldredge Runabout
1912 E.M.F. Model 30 Roadster
  • Eagle Automobile Company (1905)[78]
  • Eagle Automobile Company (1905–1907)
  • Eagle Automobile Company (1906)
  • Eagle Automobile Company (1909)
  • Eagle Automobile Company (1988–1998)
  • Eagle Electric (1915–1916)[33]
  • Eagle Rotary (or Eagle) (1914–1915; Eagle-Macomber 1916-1918)[33]
  • Earl (1907–1908)[98]
  • Earl (1921–1923)
  • Eastman (1898–1900)[25]
  • Eastman (1901–1902)[99]
  • Eaton Electric (1898–1900)[100]
  • Eck (see Boss Steam Car)[33]
  • Eclipse (1905–1906)
  • Eclipse (1916)
  • Eclipse Steam (1900–1903)[25]
  • Economy (1908–1911)
  • Economy (1916–1919; Economy-Vogue 1920; Vogue 1921-1922)[33]
  • Economycar (1914)[101]
  • Eddy Electric (1900–1901)[33]
  • Edsel (1958–1960)
  • Edwards-Knight (1912–1913)[33]
  • Edwards (1954–1955)[13]
  • E.H.V. (see Compound)[33]
  • Eichstaedt (1898–1902)[33]
  • EIM (1915)[33]
  • Eisenhuth (1896–1900)
  • Elberg (see Baker & Elberg Electric)[102]
  • Elberon (Columbia model)[25]
  • Elbert (1914–1915)[33]
  • Elcar (1915–1931)
  • Elco (1915–1917)[103]
  • Eldredge (1903–1906)
  • Electra (1914–1915)[33]
  • Electricar (1950–1966)[13]
  • Electric Vehicle (1897–1907)
  • Electronomic (see Hood Steamer)[33]
  • Elgin (1916–1924)[33]
  • Elinore (1903)[104]
  • Elite (Johnson model)[105]
  • Elite (1901–1902)[25]
  • Elkhart (see Crow-Elkhart, Pratt-Elkhart, Sterling, or Komet)[106]
  • Elliott (1897–1899)[106]
  • Ellis (see Triumph Electric)[106]
  • Ellsworth (1907)[106]
  • Elmore (1893–1912)
  • El Morocco (1956–1957)[13]
  • Elston (1895)[107][108]
  • Elwell-Parker Electric (1908–1909)[53]
  • Emancipator (1909)[106]
  • Emerson (1885; Emerson-Fisher 1896)
  • Emerson (1917)[109]
  • E-M-F (1909–1912)[106]
  • Empire (1901–1902)
  • Empire (1910–1919)
  • Empire Steam Car (1925–1927)
  • Empire Steamer (1899–1902)
  • Empire Steamer (1904)
  • Endurance Steam Car (1922–1924)
  • Enger (1909–1917)[110]
  • Englehardt (1901)[106]
  • Engler (1914–1915)
  • Entz (1914)[106]
  • Erie (1899–1902)[111]
  • Erie (1916–1919)
  • Erie & Sturgis (1897)
  • Erskine (1927–1930)[106]
  • Eshelman (1953–1961)
  • Essex (1906)[25]
  • Essex (1919–1932)
  • Etnyre (1910–1911)
  • Euclid (1908)[53]
  • Eureka (1900)
  • Eureka (1906–1907)
  • Eureka (1907–1909)
  • Eureka (1907–1909)
  • Evansville (see Simplicity)[106]
  • Everitt (1909–1912)
  • Everybody's (1907–1909)[106]
  • Ewing (1908–1910)[112]
  • Excel (1914)

F

Fiberfab FT Bonito
1925 Flint B-40 Touring
  • Fageol (1900, 1917)[106]
  • Fal-Car (or F.A.L.) (1909–1914)[113]
  • Falcon (1907–1909)[114]
  • Falcon (1913–1914)
  • Falcon (1922)[115]
  • Falcon (1922)[116]
  • Falcon-Knight (1927–1929)[106]
  • Famous (1908–1909)[106]
  • Fanning (1901–1903)[106]
  • Fargo (1929)
  • Farmack (1915–1916)[106]
  • Farner (1922–1923)[106]
  • Faulkner-Blanchard (1910)
  • Fawick Flyer (1908–1912)
  • Fay (1912)
  • Federal Steam (1901–1902)[25]
  • Federal (1907–1909)[117]
  • Fenton (1913–1914)[118]
  • Fergus (1916–1922)[106]
  • Ferris (1920–1922)[53]
  • Fey Touring (1897-1906)[119][120]
  • Fiberfab (circa 1960s)
  • Fidelia (1913–1914)[53]
  • Field (1886, 1905)[25]
  • Fina-Sport (1953–1954)
  • Findlay (1910)
  • Firestone-Columbus (1909–1915)[106]
  • Fischer-Detroit (1914)
  • Fish (1906–1907)[94]
  • Fisher (1901–1905)[106]
  • Flagler (1914)[121]
  • Flanders 20 (1910–1912)[122]
  • Flanders Electric (1912–1914)[123]
  • Flanders Six (1913)
  • Flexbi (1904)[106]
  • Flint (1923–1927)[124]
  • Flint Roadster (1902–1904)
  • Flintlo (1905–1908)
  • Flyer (1913–1914)
  • Foos (1901–1906)[94]
  • Forest City (see Jewell)[125]
  • Fort Pitt (see Pittsburgh Six)[106]
  • Fort Plain (1897, 1902, 1903) [источник?]
  • Foster (1886)
  • Foster (1901–1904)[25]
  • Fostoria (1906–1907)[106]
  • Fostoria (1915–1916)
  • Fournier-Searchmont (1902–1903)[126]
  • Fouch (1914–1915)
  • Fox (1921–1923)[106]
  • Frankfort (1917)[106]
  • Franklin (1902–1934)
  • Frayer-Miller (1904–1910)[106]
  • Frazen (1951–1962)
  • Frazer (1946–1951)
  • Frederickson (1914)[106]
  • Fredonia (1902–1904)
  • Fremont (1920–1922)[106]
  • French (1905)[106]
  • Friedman (1900–1903)[127]
  • Friend (1920–1921)
  • Fritchle Electric (1905–1920)[106]
  • Frontenac (1906–1913)
  • Frontenac (1921–1925)[124]
  • Frontmobile (1917–1918)[106]
  • F.R.P. (1914–1916)[106]
  • F.S. (1911–1912)[106]
  • Fuller (1907–1909)[106]
  • Fuller (1909–1910)
  • Fulton (1920)[106]
  • F.W.D. (1910–1912)[128]

G

Geo Prizm
1932 Graham Blue Streak 4-Door Sedan
  • Gabriel (1912–1918)[129]
  • Gadabout (1913–1915)
  • Gaethmobile (1902–1904, Gaeth 1905-1910)
  • Gale (1905–1907)[130]
  • Gardner (1920–1931)
  • Garford (1908, 1911–1913)[106]
  • Gary Six (1914)
  • Gas-au-lec (1905–1906)
  • Gaslight (1960-circa 1961)
  • Gasmobile (1899–1902)
  • Gaylord (1911–1913)
  • Gaylord (1955–1956)
  • Gearless (1907–1909)[131]
  • Gearless (1919–1922)
  • Gearless Steamer (see Super-Steamer)[25]
  • Gem (1917–1919)
  • General (1902–1904)[129]
  • General Electric (1891–1898, 1902–1903)[132]
  • General Electric (1898–1900)[133]
  • Genesee (1911)[106]
  • Geneva (1901–1906)[134]
  • German-American (1902–1903)[106]
  • Geo (1989–1997)
  • Geronimo (1917–1920)[106]
  • Ghent (1916–1918)[106]
  • Gibbs (1904)[106]
  • Gibson (1899)[106]
  • Gillette (1916)[106]
  • G.J.G. (1909–1914)
  • Glasspar (1949–1953)[135]
  • Gleason (1909–1913)[106]
  • Glide (1903–1920)[106]
  • Globe (1916–1919)[53]
  • Globe Four (1921–1922)
  • Glover (1902)
  • Glover (1920–1921)[106]
  • Goethe (see Gaeth)[106]
  • Golden Eagle (1906)[136]
  • Goodspeed (1922)[106]
  • Graham (1899)[106]
  • Graham Electric (1903)
  • Graham Motorette (1902–1903)
  • Graham-Paige (1928–1930; Graham 1930-1947)
  • Gramm (1902)[106]
  • Granite Falls (see Lende)[106]
  • Grant (1913–1922)[137]
  • Graves & Condon (see Crown (1908–1910))[106]
  • Gray (1922–1926)
  • Gray Light Car (1920)
  • Great Arrow (1904–1909) [138]
  • Great Eagle (1910–1918)
  • Great Smith (see Smith)
  • Great Southern (1910–1914)
  • Great Western (1910–1916)[138]
  • Greeley (1902–1903)[26]
  • Greenleaf (1902)
  • Gregory (1920–1922)[106]
  • Grensfelder (1901)[106]
  • Greuter (1898)[106]
  • Greyhound (1914–1916)[9]
  • Grinnell Electric (1910–1915)
  • Griswold (1907)
  • Grout (1900–1912)[139]
  • Gurley (1899–1901)[106]
  • G.V. (1907)[140]
  • Gyroscope (1908–1909)

H

1916 Haynes
1937 Hudson Custom Eight
1929 Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century Opera Coupe
  • Haase (1902–1904)
  • Hackett (1916–1919)
  • H.A.L. (1916–1918)[53]
  • Hall (1903–1904)[106]
  • Hall (1914–1915)
  • Hall Gasoline Trap (1895)
  • Halladay (1905–1922)[141]
  • Hambrick (1905–1906)[106]
  • Hamilton (1917)[106]
  • Hamlin-Holmes (1919–1929; Hamlin 1930)[106]
  • Hammer-Sommer (1902–1904; Hammer 1905-1906)
  • Handley-Knight (1921–1923; Handley 1923)[106]
  • Hanger (1916)[142]
  • Hanover (1921–1927)[106]
  • Hansen (1902)[143]
  • Hanson (1918–1925)[106]
  • Harding (1916–1917)[144]
  • Hardy (see Flint Roadster)[106]
  • Harper (1907–1908)[106]
  • Harrie (1925)[106]
  • Harrigan (1922)[106]
  • Harris (1910)[106]
  • Harris Six (1923)
  • Harrison (1905–1907)
  • Harroun (1917–1922)
  • Hartley (1895–1899)[25]
  • Hartman (1914–1918)[106]
  • Harvard (1915–1921)[145]
  • Hasbrouck (1900–1902)[106]
  • Hassler (1917)[146]
  • Hatfield (1907–1908)[147]
  • Hatfield (1916–1924)[148]
  • Havers (1908–1914)
  • Hawk (1914)
  • Hawley (1906–1908)[106]
  • Hay-Berg (1907–1908)[149]
  • Haydock [106]
  • Haynes-Apperson (1896–1905; Haynes 1904-1925)
  • Hayward (1913)[106]
  • Hazard (1913–1915)[106]
  • H.C.S. (1920–1925)[106]
  • Healey (circa 1905- circa 1916)[106]
  • Heifner (1919–1921)[106]
  • Heilman (1907)[106]
  • Heine-Velox (1903–1908, 1921–1923)
  • Hendel (1903–1904)[106]
  • Henderson (1912–1914)[150]
  • Henney (1921–1931)[106]
  • Henney (1960–1964)
  • Henrietta (1901)[106]
  • Henry (1910–1912)
  • Henry J (1951–1954)
  • Hercules (1914–1915)[106]
  • Hercules Electric (1907)
  • Herff-Brooks (1915–1916)
  • Herreshoff (1909–1914)
  • Hertel (1895–1900)[106]
  • Hertz (1924–1927)[106]
  • Heseltine (1916–1917)[106]
  • Hess (1902)[25]
  • Hewitt (1906–1907)[151]
  • Hewitt-Lindstrom (1900–1901)
  • Heymann (1898–1907)[106]
  • Hicks (1899)[106]
  • Hicks (1899–1900)
  • Hicks (1905)
  • Hidley Steam Car (1901)
  • Highlander (1919–1922)[106]
  • Hill (1904–1908)[106]
  • Hilton (1920–1921)
  • Hines (1908–1910)[106]
  • Hitchcock (1909)
  • Hobbie Accessible (1908–1909)
  • Hoffman (1901–1904)[152]
  • Hoffman (1931)
  • Holden (1914)[153]
  • Holden (1915)
  • Holland (1902–1903)[25]
  • Holley (1900–1904)
  • Hollier (1915–1921)
  • Holly Six (1913–1915)[154]
  • Holmes (1906–1907)[155]
  • Holmes (1918–1923)
  • Holsman (1901–1911)
  • Hol-Tan (1908)
  • Holtom (1919, 1934)
  • Holyoke (before 1926)[156]
  • Holyoke (1899–1903)
  • Homer Laughlin (1916)[106]
  • Hood Steamer (1899–1901)
  • Hoosier Scout (1914)[106]
  • Hoover (1913–1914)
  • Hopkins (1902)[106]
  • Hopkins (1902)
  • Hoskins (1920)[106]
  • Houghton (1897)[106]
  • Houghton Steamer (1900–1901)[106]
  • Houpt (1909; Houpt-Rockwell 1910)[106]
  • House Steamer (1867)[157]
  • Howard (1895–1903)[156]
  • Howard (1895, 1901–1904, 1908)
  • Howard (1911, 1916–1917, 1919)
  • Howard (1913–1914)
  • Howey (1907–1908)[106]
  • Hudson (1901–1902)
  • Hudson (1909–1957)
  • Huffman (1919–1925)
  • Hummer (1992–2010)
  • Hunter (1920)[106]
  • Hupmobile (1909–1940)
  • Hupp-Yeats (1911–1919)
  • Huselton (1911–1914)
  • Hydromotor (1914–1917)[106]

I

1911 International Harvester
1978 International Harvester Scout II
  • Ideal (1902)
  • Ideal (1902–1903)
  • Ideal (1907–1908)
  • Ideal Electric (1910-1911)
  • Illinois (1907)
  • Illinois (1909–1912)
  • Illinois Electric (1897–1901)[158]
  • Imp (1913–1914)[106]
  • Imperial (1903–1904)[106]
  • Imperial (1907–1908)
  • Imperial (1908–1916)[159]
  • Imperial (1908–1916)
  • Imperial (1955–1975, 1981–1983)
  • Imperial Electric (1903–1904)[106]
  • Independent Harvester (1910–1911)[106]
  • Indiana (1901)[9]
  • Indianapolis (see Black)[106]
  • International (1899) (see Strathmore)[160]
  • International (1899) [161]
  • International (1900) (see Klock)[162]
  • International (1900)[161]
  • International (1901–1903) (see Toledo)[163]
  • International Cyclecar (1914) [164]
  • International Harvester (1907–1975)
  • Inter-State (1909–1919)[106]
  • Intrepid (see Rotary)
  • Iroquois (1903–1907)[26]

J

A 1928 Jordan Sedan
  • Jackson (1903–1923)
  • Jacquet Flyer (1921)
  • Jaeger (1932–1933)
  • James (1909–1911)[106]
  • Janney (1906)
  • Jarvis-Huntington (1912)[106]
  • Jaxon Steam (1903)[165]
  • Jeannin (1908)
  • Jeffery (1902–1917)
  • Jenkins (1907–1912)[106]
  • Jewell (1906–1907; Jewel 1908-1909)[106]
  • Jewett (1922–1927)
  • Johnson (1905–1912)[166]
  • Jones (1914–1920)[167]
  • Jones-Corbin (1903–1907)[167]
  • Jonz (1909–1912)[167]
  • Jordan (1916–1931)
  • JPL (1913)[168]
  • Julian (1918, 1925)[167]
  • Junior R (1924)

K

1954 Kaiser Darrin
The 1914 Keystone
  • Kaiser (1947–1955)
  • Kalamazoo [167]
  • Kane-Pennington [167]
  • Kansas City (1906–1908; Kansas City Wonder 1909)[169]
  • Kato (1907–1913)[167]
  • Kauffman (1909–1912)[167]
  • K-D (1912–1913)[167]
  • Kearns (1909–1916)[167]
  • Keene Steamobile (1900–1901)[25]
  • Keeton (1912–1914)[170]
  • Keller (1948–1950)[13]
  • Keller-Kar (1914)
  • Kelsey (1897–1902, 1920–1924)[171]
  • Kenmore (1910–1912)[167]
  • Kennedy (1915–1917)
  • Kennedy Electric (1898–1903)
  • Kensington (1899–1904)[25]
  • Kent (1916–1917)[167]
  • Kent's Pacemaker (1900)
  • Kenworthy (1920–1921)[167]
  • Kermath (1907–1908)
  • Kessler (1920–1921; Kess-Line 8 1922)
  • Keystone (1899–1900)
  • Keystone (1900)[172]
  • Keystone (1914–1915)
  • Keystone Six (1909–1910)
  • Kiblinger (1907–1909)[167]
  • Kidder (1899–1903)[25]
  • Kimball Electric (1910–1912)[167]
  • King (1896, 1911–1923)[9]
  • King Midget (1947–1970)[173]
  • King-Remick (1910)
  • Kinner (custom cars after World War One)[174]
  • Kirk (see also Yale)[175]
  • Kissel (1906–1930)
  • Kleiber (1924–1929)[167][176]
  • Kline Kar (1910–1923)[167]
  • Klink (1907–1910)[167]
  • Klock (1900–1901)[167]
  • Klondike (1916–1920)
  • Knickerbocker (1901–1903)[167]
  • Knox (1900–1914)
  • Kobusch (1906)
  • Koehler (1910–1912)[167]
  • Komet (1911)
  • Konigslow (see Ottocar)[167]
  • Koppin (1914)
  • Krastin (1902–1904)[143]
  • K-R-I-T (or Krit) (1909–1915)
  • Krueger (1905–1906) (see Eclipse)[167]
  • Kunz (1902–1905)[177]
  • Kurtis (1949–1950, 1954–1955)
  • Kurtz-Automatic (1920–1925)[143]

L

1921 LaFayette Four-Door Coupe
1938 La Salle Series Coupe
1919 Lexington Model R-19
  • Laconia (1914)[167]
  • Lad's Car (1912—1914)
  • LaFayette (1919—1924)[167]
  • La Marne (1919—1921)[143]
  • Lambert (1906—1917)
  • Lancamobile (1900—1901)[167]
  • Lane (1900—1911)[165]
  • Lanpher (1906—1916)[167]
  • Lansden Electric (1901—1903, 1906—1910)[178]
  • La Petite (1905)[167]
  • Larchmont (1920)[167]
  • Larsen (see Falcon)[167]
  • LaSalle (1927—1940)
  • La Salle-Niagara (1905—1906)[179]
  • Laurel (1916—1920)[167]
  • Lauth (1905; Lauth-Juergens 1908—1909)[167]
  • La Vigne (1913—1914)
  • Lawter (1909)
  • LCE (1915—1916)[167]
  • L&E (1924—1934)[167]
  • Leach (1899—1901)[157]
  • Leach(or Leach-Biltwell) (1920—1923)[167]
  • Leader (1905—1912)[167]
  • Lehr (1905—1908)[167]
  • Lenawee (1903—1904)
  • Lende (1902—1909)[167]
  • Lenox (1911—1917)[167]
  • Lenox Electric (see Maxim-Goodridge Electric)[167]
  • Leon Rubay (1923)[143]
  • Lescina (1916)[167]
  • Lewis (1914—1916)[180]
  • Lewis Electric (1893—1895)
  • Lewis Motocycle (1895)[108][181]
  • Lexington (1909—1927)
  • Liberty (1916—1924)
  • Light Steamer (1901—1902)[182][183]
  • Light Six (1914)
  • Lima (1915)[167]
  • Lincoln (1908—1909)
  • Lincoln (1912—1913)[184] (see also Sears Roebuck)
  • Lincoln Highway (1914)
  • Lindsley (1908—1909)[167]
  • Lion (1909—1912)
  • Liquid Air (1899—1902)
  • Little (1911—1913)
  • Little Detroit Speedster (1913—1914)
  • Littlemac (1930—1932)[167]
  • Little Princess (1913—1914)
  • Locke (See Puritan)[25]
  • Locomobile (1899—1929)
  • Logan (1904—1908)[167][185]
  • Logan (1903—1908)
  • Logan (cyclecars; 1914)[186]
  • Lomax (1913—1914)[167]
  • Lone Star (1919—1922)
  • Long Distance (1901—1903)
  • Longest (1906)[167]
  • Loomis (1900—1904)[25]
  • Lord Baltimore (1913)
  • Lorraine (1907—1908)
  • Lorraine (1920—1921)
  • Lorraine (1920—1922)[167]
  • Los Angeles (1914)[167]
  • Lowell-American (1908—1909)[167]
  • Lozier (1900—1918)[187]
  • L.P.C. (see Lewis)[167]
  • Luck Utility (1911—1914)
  • LuLu (1914—1915)
  • Luverne (1904—1917)
  • Luxor (1924—1927)
  • Lyman (1904)[167]
  • Lyman & Burnham (1903—1905)[167]
  • Lyon (1902)[25]
  • Lyons-Knight (1913—1915)[25]

M

1929 Marmon Series 8-69 4-Door Sedan
1916 Mercer 22/72 Touring
Moon Roadster 6-40
  • MacDonald (1920–1923)[167]
  • Mackle-Thompson (1903)[167]
  • Macomber (1913)[167]
  • Macon (1915–1917)[167]
  • Madison (1915–1919)[167]
  • Magic [167]
  • Magnolia (1902–1903)[167]
  • Mahoning (1904–1905)[167]
  • Maibohm (1916–1922)[167]
  • Mais (circa 1912)
  • Majestic (1917)
  • Malcolm (1900)[167]
  • Malcolm Jones (or Malcolm) (1914–1915)
  • Malden Steam (1898, 1902)[188]
  • Manexall (1920) (see also Cyclomobile)[167]
  • Manistee (1902)[167]
  • Maplebay (1907)[167]
  • Marathon (1906–1914)
  • Marble-Swift (1903–1905)
  • Marion (1901)
  • Marion (1904–1915; Marion-Handley 1916-1918)
  • Marion Flyer (1910)
  • Marmon (1902–1933)
  • Mark Electric (1902)[167]
  • Marlboro (1900–1903)[167]
  • Marquette (1912)[189]
  • Marquette (1930)
  • Marr (1903–1904)
  • Marsh (1899–1905)
  • Marsh (1919–1921)[190]
  • Marshall (1920–1922)
  • Martin (1898–1900)[167]
  • Martin (1910)
  • Martin (1928–1932)
  • Martin-Wasp (see Wasp)[167]
  • Marvel (1907)
  • Maryland (1907–1910)
  • Maryland Steamer (1900–1901)
  • Mason (1898–1899)[191]
  • Mason (1906–1914)[192]
  • Massillon (1909)[167]
  • Master (1907)[193]
  • Mather (1901)
  • Matheson (1903–1912)
  • Mathews (1912–1914)[167]
  • Maxim Motor Tricycle (1895; Maxim-Goodridge Electric 1908)[167]
  • Maxwell-Briscoe (1904–1913; Maxwell 1913-1925)
  • Mayer (1899–1901)[167]
  • Mayfair (1925)[167]
  • Maytag (1910–1911)[194]
  • M.B. (1908–1911)
  • McCue (1909–1911)[195]
  • McCullough (1899–1900)[167]
  • McCurdy (1922)[167]
  • McFarlan (1909–1928)
  • McGill (1917)[167]
  • McGill (1921–1922)
  • McIntyre (1909–1915)[167]
  • McKay Steamer (1899–1902)[25]
  • Mead (1902–1907)[167]
  • Mecca (1915–1916)[167]
  • Med-Bow (see Springfield)[167]
  • Media (1899–1900)[167]
  • Melbourne (1904)[9]
  • Mel Special (1918–1924)[167]
  • Menges (1907)[167]
  • Menominee Electric (1915)
  • Mercer (1909–1919)
  • Mercury (1913–1914)[167]
  • Mercury (1918–1920)
  • Mercury (1939–2010)
  • Mercury Steamer (1923)[196]
  • Merit (1921–1922)[143]
  • Merkel (1905–1907)[197]
  • Merz (1914)[167]
  • Meteor (1900–1901)
  • Meteor (1902–1903)[198]
  • Meteor (1904–1905)[199]
  • Meteor (1908–1910)
  • Meteor (1915–1930)
  • Meteor (1919–1922)
  • Metropol (1913–1914)[167]
  • Metropolitan (1922–1923)[200]
  • Metz (1909–1921)[201]
  • Metzger (see Everitt)[167]
  • Michigan Steamer (1901)[41]
  • Michigan (1903–1908)
  • Michigan (1908–1914)
  • Middleby (1909–1913)[167]
  • Midgley (1901–1905)[167]
  • Midland (1908–1913)[202]
  • Midwest (see Highlander)[167]
  • Mier (1908–1909)[167]
  • Milac (1916)[167]
  • Milburn Electric (1915–1923)[167]
  • Miller (1911–1914)
  • Mills (1876)[25]
  • Mills (1895)
  • Mills Electric (1917)
  • Milwaukee Steamer (1900–1902)[188]
  • Minneapolis (see Colby)[167]
  • Mino (1914)[167]
  • Mitchell (1903–1923)[203]
  • Mitchell-Lewis (see Mitchell)[167]
  • Mobile (1900–1903)[188]
  • Model (1903–1907)[204]
  • Modoc (1912–1914)[167]
  • Mohawk (1903–1905)[167]
  • Moline (see Stephens or Illinois)[205]
  • Moline (1904–1913; Moline-Knight 1914-1919)
  • Moller (1920–1922)[167]
  • Monarch (1905–1908)
  • Monarch (1906)[143]
  • Monarch(1907–1909)
  • Monarch (1914–1917)
  • Moncrief Steamer (1901)[167]
  • Mondex-Magic (1914–1915)[167]
  • Monitor (1909–1911)
  • Monitor (1915–1922)[167]
  • Monroe (1914–1923)[9]
  • Moody (1903–1905)[167]
  • Mooers (1900–1901, 1911)[167]
  • Moon (1905–1930)
  • Moore (1902–1903)[190]
  • Moore (1906–1909)
  • Moore (1916–1920)
  • Mora (1906–1911)[206]
  • Morgan (1897)
  • Morgan (1900–1902)[207]
  • Morgan (1913)
  • Morris & Salom (1895–1897)
  • Morrison Electric (1888–1895)
  • Morriss-London (1919–1923)[167]
  • Mors (see American Mors)
  • Morse (1902)[208]
  • Morse (1905–1906)
  • Morse (1910–1916)
  • Morse (1914–1916)
  • Motor Bob (1914)
  • Motorette (1911–1914)[167]
  • Moyea (1903–1904)[167]
  • Moyer (1911–1915)[167]
  • M.P.M. (1914–1915)[167]
  • Mueller (1896–1899; also Mueller-Benz)[209]
  • Mulford (1915, 1922)[167]
  • Multiplex (1912–1913)[167]
  • Muncie (see Warner)[167]
  • Muntz (1950–1954)[210]
  • Murdaugh (1901–1903)[167]
  • Murray (1902–1903)
  • Murray (1916–1921; Murray-Mac 1921-1929)[167]
  • Mutual (1905)[167]

N

1946 Nash 4-Door Sedan
  • Nance (1911)[167]
  • Napoleon (1916–1919)[211]
  • Nash (1917–1957)
  • Nash-Healey (1951–1954)
  • National (1900–1924)
  • Nelson (1917–1921)[167]
  • Neustadt-Perry or Neustadt (1901–1908, 1915)[167]
  • New England Electric (1899–1901)
  • New England Steamer (1898–1899)[188]
  • New Era (1901–1902)[167]
  • New Era (1916)
  • New Era (1933–1934)[212]
  • New Home (1899–1901)[167]
  • New York (1907)
  • New York Six (1927–1928)
  • Niagara (1900–1902)
  • Niagara (1903–1905)[213]
  • Niagara Four (1915–1916)
  • Nichols Shepard (1910–1911)[167]
  • Nielson (1906–1907)[214]
  • Noble (1902)[143]
  • Noma (1919–1923)[167]
  • Northern (1902–1908)[215]
  • Northway (1921–1922)[167][186]
  • North Western or Northwestern (see Haase or Logan)[167]
  • Norton (1901–1902)[215][216]
  • Norwalk (1910–1922)[167][217]
  • Nu-Klea (1959–1960)
  • Nyberg (1911–1913)[215]

O

1957 Oldsmobile Super 88
1910 Overland Model 38 Roadster
  • Oakland (1907–1931)
  • Oakman-Hertel (see Hertel)[218]
  • Ogren (1915–1917, 1919–1923)[219]
  • Ohio (1900–1902) (see Packard)[220]
  • Ohio (1909–1912)
  • Ohio Electric (1910–1918)[221]
  • Ohio Falls [218]
  • Okey (1896–1907)[218]
  • Oldsmobile (1897–2004)
  • Olympian (1917–1921)
  • Omaha (1899)[218]
  • Omaha (1912–1913)
  • Omar (see Browniekar)[218]
  • Only (1909–1913)[218]
  • Orient (1899–1908)
  • Orlo (1904)
  • Ormond Steamer (1904–1905)[188]
  • Orson (1910–1912)[218]
  • Otto (1910–1911; Ottomobile 1912)[218]
  • Otto-Kar or Ottokar (1902–1904)[222]
  • Otto-mobile (1899)[218]
  • Overholt (see Illinois)[188]
  • Overland (1903–1926, 1939)
  • O-We-Go (1914)
  • Owen (1899–1901)[223]
  • Owen (1910–1911)
  • Owen Magnetic (1915–1922)
  • Owen Schoeneck (see O-S)[218]
  • Owen Thomas (1908–1910)[218]
  • Oxford (1900)[188]

P

1951 Packard 250 convertible
1966 Plymouth Barracuda
1910 Pope-Waverley coupe
  • Pacific (1900–1904)[218]
  • Pacific Special (1911–1913)
  • Packard (1895–1898)[224]
  • Packard (1899–1958)
  • Paco (1908–1909)
  • Paige-Detroit (1908–1911; Paige 1911-1928; Graham-Paige 1928-1930)
  • Page (1906–1908)
  • Palmer (1905–1906)[143]
  • Palmer-Singer (1908–1914)[218]
  • Pan (1919–1921)[218]
  • Panam (1902–1903)[218]
  • Pan-American (1917–1922)[218]
  • Paragon (1906)[218]
  • Parenti (1920–1922)[218]
  • Parry (1910; New Parry 1911-1912)[225]
  • Parsons Electric (1905–1906)[143]
  • Partin (1913; Partin-Palmer 1913-1917)[226]
  • Paterson (1909–1923)
  • Pathfinder (1912–1917)[218]
  • Patterson-Greenfield (1916–1919)[218]
  • Pawtucket (1901–1902)[188]
  • Payne-Modern (1907–1908)[218]
  • Peerless (1900–1933)
  • Peerless Steam (1901)[227]
  • Pence (circa 1905)[228]
  • Peninsular (see Marquette)[227]
  • Penn (1901)[229]
  • Penn (1908)[229]
  • Penn (1910–1913)[229]
  • Pennant (1924–1925)
  • Pennington (1894–1900)[230]
  • Pennsy (1916–1918)[218]
  • Pennsylvania (1907–1911)[9]
  • People's (1900–1902)[231]
  • Perfection (1907–1908)[218]
  • Perfex (1912–1913)[218]
  • Perrett Electric (1900)
  • Peter Pan (1914–1915)[94]
  • Peters-Walton (1915; Peters Tricar 1916)
  • Petrel (1909–1912)[232]
  • Phelps (1903–1905)
  • Phianna (1917–1922)[218]
  • Phillips (1980-198?)[233]
  • Phipps-Grinnell (1911; Phipps Electric 1912)[218]
  • Pickard (1909–1912)[218]
  • Piedmont (1917–1922)
  • Pierce-Arrow (1900–1938)
  • Pierce-Racine (1904–1911)[177]
  • Piggins (1908–1910)
  • Pilgrim (1911)
  • Pilgrim (1913–1914)
  • Pilgrim (1915–1918)
  • Pilliod (1915–1916)[218]
  • Pilot (1909–1924)[218]
  • Pioneer (1907–1912)[218]
  • Pioneer (1914)
  • Pittsburgh Six (1908–1911)
  • Planche [218]
  • Plass (1897)
  • Playboy (1947–1951)
  • Plymouth (1910)[218]
  • Plymouth (1928–2001)[218]
  • Pneumobile (1914–1915)[218]
  • Pomeroy (1902)
  • Pomeroy (1920–1924)[234]
  • Ponder (see Bour-Davis)[218]
  • Pontiac (1907–1908)[235]
  • Pontiac (1926–2010)
  • Pope-Hartford (1904–1914)[218]
  • Pope-Robinson (1903–1904)
  • Pope-Toledo (1903–1909)
  • Pope-Tribune (1904–1908)[218]
  • Pope-Waverley (1903–1908)
  • Port Huron (see Havers)[218]
  • Porter (1900–1901)[236]
  • Porter (1919–1922)[237]
  • Portland (1914)[218]
  • Postal (1906–1908)[218]
  • Powell (1930s-1960s)
  • Powell (1955–1956)[238]
  • Powercar (1909–1911)[218]
  • Pratt-Elkhart (1909–1911; Pratt 1911-1915)[218]
  • Premier (1902–1926)
  • Premocar (1920–1923)[218]
  • Prescott (1901–1905)[188]
  • Primo (1910–1912)[218]
  • Princess (1914–1918)[218]
  • Prospect (1902, 1907–1908)[218]
  • Pullman (1905–1917)[9]
  • Pungs Finch (1904–1910)
  • Puritan (1902–1905)[25]
  • Puritan (1913–1914)

Q

  • Queen (1904–1907)
  • Quick (1899–1900)
  • Quinby (1899)

R

1906 REO Runabout
1929 Roosevelt 4-Door Sedan
A Royal Tourist
  • R.A.C. (1910–1911)
  • Rae Electric (1905)[143]
  • Railsbach (1914)[218]
  • Rainier (1905–1911)[218]
  • Raleigh (1921–1922)[218]
  • Rambler (1900–1914)
  • Rambler (1958–1969)
  • Randall (1905)[218]
  • Randall (1902–1903)[239]
  • Randall Three-Wheeler (1903–1905)
  • Ranger (1907–1910)[240]
  • Ranger (1920–1922)
  • Rapid (1902-1909)[218]
  • Rauch & Lang (1905–1932)[241]
  • Raulang (see Rauch & Lang)[218]
  • Rayfield (1911–1915)
  • R.C.H. (1912–1915)[218]
  • Read (1913–1914)[242]
  • Reading (1910–1913)[243]
  • Reading Steamer (1901–1903)[25]
  • Real Cyclecar (1914; Real Light Car 1914-1915)[218]
  • Reber (1902–1903)
  • Red Bug (1924–1930)[244]
  • Red Jacket (1904–1905)[218]
  • Reed (see Massillon)
  • Rees (1921)[218]
  • Reeves (1896–1898, 1905–1912)[245]
  • Regal (1908–1918)[218]
  • Regas (1903–1905)[218]
  • Reinertson (1902)[218]
  • Reliable Dayton (1906–1909)[218]
  • Reliance (1904–1906)[218]
  • Remal-Vincent (1923)[246]
  • Remington (1895, 1900–1904)[247]
  • Remington (1910–1913)
  • Remington (1914–1916)
  • REO (or Reo) (1905–1975)
  • Republic (1910–1916)[218]
  • ReVere (1918–1926)[218]
  • Rex (1914)[218]
  • Rhodes (circa 1905)[218]
  • RiChard (1914–1919)[234]
  • Richelieu (1922–1923)[218]
  • Richmond (1902–1903)
  • Richmond (1904–1917)[218]
  • Rickenbacker (1922–1927)
  • Ricketts (1909–1911)[218]
  • Riddle (1916–1926)[218]
  • Rider-Lewis (1908–1911)[218]
  • Riker Electric (1897–1902)[218]
  • Riley & Cowley (1902)[218]
  • Ripper (1903)[218]
  • Ritz (1914–1915)[218]
  • Riviera (1907)[218]
  • R-O (see Owen)[218]
  • Roader (1911–1912)[218]
  • Roamer (1916–1929)[218]
  • Robe (1914–1915)[26]
  • Robie (1914)[218]
  • Robinson (1900–1902)[218]
  • Robson (1909)[218]
  • Roche (1924–1925)[218]
  • Rochester (1901)[248]
  • Rochester (1901–1902)
  • Rockaway (1902–1903)
  • Rockaway (1903–1904)
  • Rocket (1903)[218]
  • Rock Falls (1919–1925)[218]
  • Rockne (1932–1933)[218]
  • Rockway (1910–1911)[218]
  • Rockwell (1910–1911)[218]
  • Rodgers (1921)[249]
  • Roebling-Planche (1909)[218]
  • Rogers (1899–1900) [246]
  • Rogers (1911–1912)[250]
  • Rogers & Hanford (1899–1902)[143]
  • Rogers & Thatcher (1903)[143]
  • Rollin (1924–1927)[143]
  • Rolls-Royce (1921–1935)[218][251]
  • Roman (1909)[218]
  • Romer (1921)[218]
  • Roosevelt (1929–1930)
  • Roper (1860–1896)[218]
  • Ross Steamer (1905–1909)
  • Ross (1915–1918)
  • Rotary (1903–1905)
  • Rotary (1921–1923)[218]
  • Rovena (1926)[252]
  • Royal Electric (1904–1905; Royal Princess 1904-1905)[253]
  • Royal Tourist (1904–1911)[143]
  • Rubay (see Leon Rubay)[218]
  • Rugby (1920s)
  • Rushmobile (see Brecht)[218]
  • Russell (1903–1904)[143]
  • Rutenber (1902)
  • Ruxton (1929–1930)
  • R&V Knight (1920–1924)[218]

S

1904 Searchmont 10 HP Type VI 4-passenger Rear-entrance Tonneau
The Smith Flyer
1923 Stanley Steam Car
1935 Stout Scarab
1916 Studebaker Touring
1927 Stutz Vertical Eight AA Limousine
  • Saginaw (1914)[218]
  • Salisbury (1895)[108][254]
  • Salter (1909–1915)[218]
  • Salvador (1914; S-J-R 1915-1916)[218]
  • Sampson (1904, 1911)
  • Sandusky (1902–1904)[218]
  • Santos Dumont (1902–1904)[255]
  • Saturn (1985–2010)
  • Savage (1914)[218]
  • Saxon (1913–1923)
  • Sayers (1917–1924)[218]
  • Schacht (1904–1913)
  • Schaum (1901–1905)
  • Schoening (1895)[107][108]
  • Scott (1900–1901, 1903)[218]
  • Scott (1901–1904)
  • Scott (1902–1903)
  • Scott (1908)
  • Scott-Newcomb (1920–1921)[25]
  • Scripps-Booth (1913–1923)
  • Seagrave (1914)[256]
  • Searchmont (1900–1903)[257][258]
  • Searchmont (1900–1902; Fournier-Searchmont 1902-1903)[126]
  • Sears (1905–1915)[259]
  • Sebring (1910–1912)[260]
  • Sekine (1923)[218]
  • Selden (1907–1914)
  • Sellers (1909–1912)[218]
  • Senator (1907–1910)
  • Senator (1912)[218]
  • Seneca (1917–1924)[218]
  • Serpentina (1915)[218]
  • Serrifile (1921–1922)[218]
  • Seven Little Buffaloes (1909)[261]
  • Severin (1920–1921)[218]
  • S.G.V. (1911–1915)[218]
  • Shad-Wyck (1917–1923)
  • Shain[218]
  • Sharon (1915)[218]
  • Sharp (1908–1910)[262]
  • Shaum (see Schaum)[218]
  • Shaw (1920–1921)
  • Shawmobile (1908–1930)
  • Shawmut (1906–1908)[218]
  • Shelby (1903)[218]
  • Sheridan (1920–1921)[218]
  • Shoemaker (1906–1908)[218]
  • Sibley (1910–1911)[218]
  • Sibley-Curtiss (1911–1912)[218]
  • Signet (see Fenton)[218]
  • Silent-Knight (1905–1907)[218]
  • Silent Sioux (see Fawick Flyer)[218]
  • Silver (1914–1919)
  • Silver-Knight (Silver model)[218]
  • Simms (1920)[218]
  • Simplex (1907–1919)[218]
  • Simplicity (1907–1911)[218]
  • Simplicity SIx (1920)
  • Simplo (1908–1909)
  • Simonds (1893)[25]
  • Sinclair-Scott (1904-circa 1907)
  • Singer (1914–1920)[218]
  • Single Center (1906–1908)
  • Sintz (1899–1904)
  • Skelton (1920–1922)[218]
  • Skene (1900–1901)
  • Skorpion (1952–1954)[13]
  • S&M (1913)[218]
  • S&M Simplex (1904–1907)
  • Smith (1902–1917; Great Smith 1907-1911)
  • Smith & Mabley [218]
  • Smith Flyer (1915–1919)
  • S-N (see Scott-Newcomb)[218]
  • Snyder (1900)
  • Snyder (1908–1909)[218]
  • Snyder (1914)
  • Sommer (1904–1905)[218]
  • Sommer (1910–1911)
  • Soules (1905–1908)
  • South Bend (1913–1914)
  • Southern (1906–1908)[218]
  • Southern Six (1920)
  • Sovereign (1906–1907)[218]
  • Spacke (1919)[263]
  • Spartan (1910)[263]
  • Spaulding (1902–1903)
  • Spaulding (1910–1916)[263]
  • Special (1904)[263]
  • Speedway (1904–1905)[263]
  • Speedwell (1907–1914)
  • Spencer (1914)
  • Spencer (1921–1922)[264]
  • Spencer (1923)
  • Spencer Steamer (1862, 1901–1902)[265]
  • Sperry Electric (1898–1901)
  • Sphinx (1914–1916)[263]
  • Spoerer (1908–1914)[263]
  • Springer (1903–1905)[263]
  • Springfield (1900–1901)[25]
  • Springfield (1907–1910)
  • Sprite (1914)[263]
  • Squier (1899)[25]
  • S.R.K. (1915)
  • S&S (1924–1929)
  • S.S.E. (1914–1917)[263]
  • Stafford (1908–1915)[263]
  • Stammobile (1900–1901)[263]
  • Standard (1904–1908)
  • Standard (1912–1923)
  • Standard Six (1909–1910)
  • Standard 8 (see Standard)[263]
  • Standard Electrique (or Standard Electric) (1911–1915)[263]
  • Standard Steam Car (1920–1921)[266]
  • Stanley (1907–1910)[267]
  • Stanley (1910–1911)
  • Stanley Steam Car (1906)[267]
  • Stanley Steamer (1897–1927)
  • Stanley Whitney (1899) (see McKay Steamer)[263]
  • Stanton (1900–1901)[25]
  • Stanwood (1920–1922)
  • Star (1902–1904)
  • Star (1907–1908)
  • Star (1908–1909)[263]
  • Star (1922–1928)[263]
  • Starin (1903–1904)[263]
  • States (1916–1918)[263]
  • Static Super (1923)[263]
  • Staver (1907–1914)
  • Steamobile (1900–1902)
  • Stearns (1898–1911; Stearns-Knight 1912-1929)
  • Stearns Electric (1899–1900; Stearns Steamer 1901-1903)[268]
  • Steco (1914)[263]
  • Steel Swallow (1907–1908)[263]
  • Steinhart Jensen (1908)[263]
  • Steinmetz Electric (1922–1923)[263]
  • Stephens (1917–1924)[263]
  • Sterling (1909–1911)[269]
  • Sterling (1915–1916)[270]
  • Sterling-Knight (1920–1926)[263]
  • Sterling-New York (1916)
  • Stevens-Duryea (1901–1915,1919–1927)
  • Stewart (1915-1916)
  • Stewart Business Wagon (1895)[108][271]
  • Stewart-Coats (1922)
  • Stickney Motorette (1914)[263]
  • Stilson (1907–1909)[263]
  • St. Joe (1908)[263]
  • St. Louis (1899–1907)[263]
  • Stoddard-Dayton (1904–1913)
  • Storck Steamer (1901–1902)[25]
  • Storms Electric (1915)[263]
  • Stout Scarab (1932–1946)
  • Strathmore (1899–1901)[25]
  • Stratton (1909)[263]
  • Stratton-Bliss (1922)
  • Streator
  • Stringer (1899–1902)[25]
  • Strobel & Martin (see S&M)[263]
  • Strong & Rogers Electric (1900–1901)[143]
  • Strouse (see S.R.K.)[25]
  • Studebaker (1902–1963)
  • Studebaker-Garford (1903–1911)[25]
  • Studillac (1953–1955)[272]
  • Sturges Electric (see Morrison Electric)[273]
  • Sturtevant (1905–1907)[25]
  • Stutz (1911–1935)
  • Stutz (1968–1987)
  • Stuyvesant (1911–1912)[143]
  • Suburban (1911–1912)[274]
  • Sultan (1908–1912)[263]
  • Summit (1907–1909)[275]
  • Success (1906–1909)[276]
  • Sun (1916–1917)
  • Sun (1921–1922)
  • Sunset (1900–1913)[263]
  • Super-Steamer (1918–1919)[25]
  • Superior (1902)[263]
  • Superior (1914)[263]
  • Supreme (1917–1922)[263]
  • Synnestvedt Electric (1904–1905)[263]
  • Syracuse (1899–1903)[263]

T

1938 Terraplane sedan
A 1948 Tucker Sedan
  • Tarkington (1922–1923)[263]
  • Taunton (1901–1903)[25]
  • Taunton (1904–1905)
  • Templar (1917–1924)[277]
  • Templeton-Dubrie (1910)[263]
  • Terraplane (1932–1939)
  • Terwilliger (see Empire Steamer (1904))[25]
  • Texan (1920–1922)[278]
  • Thomas (1902–1919)[279]
  • Thomas-Detroit (1906–1908)[263]
  • Thompson (1901–1907)[25]
  • Thompson Electric (1901)
  • Thomson (1900–1903)
  • Thor (1907-1909)[280]
  • Thresher Electric (1900)[263]
  • Tiffany Electric (1913–1914)[263]
  • Tiger (1914–1915)[263]
  • Tincher (1903–1909)[281]
  • Tinkham (1898–1899)[263]
  • Toledo (1901–1903)[282]
  • Tonawanda (see Towanda Electric)[263]
  • Torbensen (1902–1906)[263]
  • Touraine (1912–1916)[263]
  • Tourist (1902–1910)[263]
  • Towanda Electric (1902–1904)
  • Tractmobile (1900–1902)[25]
  • Trask-Detroit (1922–1923)[25]
  • Traveler (1907–1908)[263]
  • Traveler (1910–1911)
  • Traveler (1913–1914)
  • Traveler (1924–1925)
  • Trebert (1907–1908)[263]
  • Tribune (1917)
  • Tricolet (1904–1906)
  • Trimoto (or Tri-Motor) (1900–1901)[263]
  • Trinity Steamer (see Keene Steamobile)[25]
  • Triumph (1907–1912)[283]
  • Trumbull (1914–1915)[263]
  • Tucker (1946–1949)
  • Tulsa (1918–1922)[263]
  • Twin City (1914)[263]
  • Twombly (1910–1911)
  • Twombly (1913–1915)
  • Twyford (1899–1902, 1904–1907)[263]

U

  • US Automobile (1899–1901)
  • Union (1902–1905)
  • Union (1908–1909)
  • Union (1916)
  • United (1914)
  • United (1919–1920)[263]
  • United States (1899–1903)[263]
  • United States Long Distance[263]
  • Unito (1908–1910)[143]
  • Universal (1914)[263]
  • Upton (1902–1903)[263]
  • Upton (1905–1907)
  • U.S. Runabout (1907–1908)

V

1920 Velie Model 34 Touring
  • Van (1911–1912)[263]
  • Van Wagoner (1899–1903)
  • Vaughan (1910–1914)
  • Vaughn (1909)[263]
  • Vaughn (1912)
  • Vaughn (1921–1923)
  • V.E. (or V.E.C.) Electric (1901–1906)[140][263]
  • Vector (1971–1999, 2006-2010)
  • Velie (1908–1929)
  • Vernon (1918–1921)[263]
  • Vickers (1910–1911)
  • Victor (1905–1911)[284]
  • Victor (1913–1917)
  • Victor Cyclecar (1914–1915)
  • Victor Steamer (1899–1903), see also Overman Steam (1895–1898)[285]
  • Victormobile Steamer (1900–1901)[286]
  • Victor Page (1921–1923)
  • Victory (1920–1921)[263]
  • Viking (1907–1908)[263]
  • Viking (1929–1931)[263]
  • Virginian (1911–1912)
  • Vixen (1914–1916)[177]
  • Voiturette (see Car-Nation)[263]
  • Vulcan (1913–1915)[287]

W

1905 White
1920 Willys-Knight
1908 Winton
  • Waco (1915–1917)[263]
  • Wagenhals (1910–1915)[263]
  • Wahl (1913–1914)[288]
  • Waldron (1908–1911)[263]
  • Walker (1905–1906)[263]
  • Wall (1900–1903)[263]
  • Walter (1902–1909)[263]
  • Waltham Steam (1898–1902)[188]
  • Waltham (1905–1908, 1922)
  • Waltham-Orient (see Orient)[263]
  • Walworth (1904–1905)[263]
  • Ward (1913–1914)[289]
  • Ward Electric (1914–1916)[290]
  • Ware Steam Wagon (1861–1867)
  • Warner (1903–1906)
  • Warren (1905)
  • Warren (1910–1913)[263]
  • Warwick (1901–1905)[263]
  • Washington (1909–1912)
  • Washington (1921–1924)
  • Wasp (1919–1924)[263]
  • Waterloo (1903–1905)[263]
  • Watrous (1905)[263]
  • Watt (1910)[263]
  • Waukesha (1906–1910)[263]
  • Waverley Electric (1898–1903, 1909–1916)[263]
  • Wayne (1904–1908)
  • Webb Jay (1908)[25]
  • Welch (1903–1911)[263]
  • Welch-Detroit (1910–1911)
  • Welch-Marquette (see Marquette)
  • Westcott (1909–1925)
  • Westfield (1901–1903)[25]
  • WFS (1911–1912)[263]
  • Whaley-Henriette (1898–1900)[263]
  • Wharton (1922–1923)[263]
  • Whippet (1927–1931)[9]
  • White Steamer (1900–1909)[263]
  • White (1902–1981)
  • White Star (1909–1911)[263]
  • Whiting (1910–1912)[263][291]
  • Whitney (1896–1900)[263]
  • Wichita (1920–1921)
  • Wilcox (1909–1910)[263]
  • Wildman (1902)[263]
  • Wills Sainte Claire (1921–1927)
  • Willys (1916–1918, 1930–1942, 1953–1963)
  • Willys-Knight (1914–1933)
  • Willys-Overland (1912–1953)
  • Wilson (1903–1905)
  • Windsor (1906)
  • Windsor (1929–1930)
  • Wing (1922)[263]
  • Winther (1921–1923)[263]
  • Winton (1896–1924)
  • Wisco (1910)
  • Wizard Junior (1920–1921)
  • Wolfe (1907–1909)[263]
  • Wolverine (1904–1906)[263]
  • Wolverine (1917–1919)
  • Wolverine (1927–1928)[292]
  • Wonder (see Kansas City)[263]
  • Woodill (1952–1956)
  • Woodruff (1902–1904)[263]
  • Woods Electric (1901)[293]
  • Woods Electric (1899–1916; Woods Dual Power 1917-1918)[263]
  • Woods Mobilette (1913–1916)[263]
  • Worth (1902)[294]
  • Worth (1906–1910)[263][294]
  • Wyeth (1912–1913)

X

Y

  • Yale (1902–1905)
  • Yale (1916–1918)
  • Yankee (1910)
  • Yellow Cab (1915–1930)

Z

  • Zent (1900–1902, 1904–1906)[263]
  • Zentmobile (1903)[263]
  • Zimmerman (1908–1915)[263]
  • Zip (1913–1914)[263]

Примечания

  1. Abbotts were built in Cleveland. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.190.
  2. Steam Cars, 1770-1970, pg. 215-221 (St. Martin's Press, 1971)
  3. This car was built in Chicago and was totally unrelated to the Kauffman. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, p. 19
  4. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, p. 18
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Clymer, p.205.
  6. Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1946-1959 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008), p.1016.
  7. Built in New York City. Clymer, p.178.
  8. 1 2 Built in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Clymer, p.170.
  10. Clymer, p.31.
  11. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, p. 19
  12. Built in St. Louis by the beer company. Clymer, p.170-1.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Flory, p.1016.
  14. Clymer, p.23 & 205.
  15. Front-wheel drive, built in New York City; allegedly the first FWD car. Clymer, pp.178 & 205.
  16. King-Remick
  17. Distinct from Babcock Electric. Clymer, p.205.
  18. Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.153 & 205.
  19. Builder of cars and trucks in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  20. Distinct from American Bantam and the bird. Clymer, p.170.
  21. Sold an electric tricycle before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  22. Built in York, Pennsylvania. Clymer, p.193.
  23. Distinct from the other three. Clymer, p.205.
  24. Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 Clymer, p.23.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 Clymer, p.170-1.
  27. A six-wheeler "motorcycle", built by Detroit artist & engineer James Scripps Booth. Clymer, p.115.
  28. Clymer, pp. 5, 61, & 205.
  29. Distinct from the British brand. Flory, p.1016.
  30. Smith Flyer
  31. http://earlyamericanautomobiles.com/1903.htm earlyamericanautomobiles/1903
  32. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 Clymer, p.206.
  34. Automobiles built in Anderson, Indiana. Clymer, pp.5 & 190.
  35. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.178.
  36. Made in St. Louis, Missouri Clymer, p.206.
  37. Clymer, pp.16, 170, & 206.
  38. 1 2 One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 206.
  39. Distinct from Carhartt. Clymer, p.206.
  40. Distinct from Carrol. Clymer,p.206.
  41. 1 2 Kimes 1985, p. 929
  42. Distinct from Cartercar. Clymer, p.206.
  43. Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  44. Distinct from the Chevy. Clymer, p.206.
  45. built in Chicago, Ill. Kimes 1985, p. 252
  46. Offered vehicles with electric, steam, or gasoline engines.
  47. Clymer, pp.22 & 178.
  48. Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago. Clymer, p.206.
  49. Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  50. Founded by J. Walter Christie. Clymer, p.206.
  51. Or Clarksmobile. Clymer, pp.25 & 206.
  52. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.23.
  53. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  54. Built in Little Rock, Arkansas. Clymer, p.178.
  55. 1 2 3 Kimes 1985, p. 331
  56. Clipper Division, Studebaker-Packard Corp.; Packard, A History of the Motor Car and the Company (General edition), Beverly Rae Kimes, editor (1978), Automobile Quarterly", ISBN 0-915038-11-0"
  57. Triumph an Tragedy: The Last Real Packards by Richard M. Langworth, in Collectible Automobile, September, 1984 issue; p. 6-25; (ISSN 0742-812X)
  58. Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.178.
  59. Built in Denver, copied from the contemporary Renault. Clymer, p.87.
  60. Founded by J. J. Cole, built in Indianapolis. Clymer, p.104.
  61. Built in Yonkers, New York. Clymer, p.63.
  62. 1 2 One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.206.
  63. Distinct from Columbia Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  64. Built at 564 Dublin Avenue; Columbus, Ohio. Clymer, p.145.
  65. Distinct from the Mercury. Clymer, p.206.
  66. Built in Plymouth, Ohio, friction transmission, dual chain drive, 1000-6000 lb payload or 9-20 seats. Clymer, p.67.
  67. built in Minneapolis, Minn. & Chicago, Ill. Kimes 1985, p. 357
  68. Formerly Vaughn; builder of the Gas-au-lec, based in Peabody, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.158.
  69. Distinct from the Nash. Clymer, p.206.
  70. Distinct from Crane & Breed. Clymer, p.206.
  71. Clymer, pp.170 & 206.
  72. Built in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  73. Distinct from the Clan Crusader. Clymer, p.5.
  74. Distinct from the racers. Clymer, p.206.
  75. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, pp.158 & 206.
  76. Named for the horse, built in Minneapolis. Clymer, p.178.
  77. Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.93.
  78. 1 2 Clymer, pp.5 & 206.
  79. Clymer, p.170
  80. Kimes(1985), p. 403
  81. Kimes(1985), p. 403-404
  82. 1 2 3 Kimes(1985), p. 404
  83. Kimes(1985), p. 404-405
  84. Kimes(1985), p. 405
  85. Kimes(1985), p. 405-406
  86. Kimes(1985), p. 406
  87. Distinct from the tractor. Clymer, p.206.
  88. Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  89. Built in Auburn, Indiana. Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  90. Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  91. Offered an electric phaeton before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  92. Distinct from Diamond T. Clymer, p.206.
  93. Clymer, p.206. Tourist was a model.
  94. 1 2 3 4 Clymer, p.5.
  95. Clymer, p.206. By Alberto Santos-Dumont
  96. Clymer, p.206. Founder was later the author of Dyke's Automobile and Gasoline Engine Encyclopedia.
  97. Conceived by Buckminster Fuller.
  98. Built in Wisconsin, distinct from the Michigan company. Clymer, p.153.
  99. Steam and electric cars, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  100. Clymer, p.206. No connection to Eaton's.
  101. Distinct from either of the two Economys. Clymer, p.206.
  102. Clymer, p.38.
  103. Clymer, p.206. No connection to Electric Launch Company.
  104. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Elite. Misspelling of Elmore??
  105. Clymer, pp.23 & 207. Distinct from Elite.
  106. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Clymer, p.207.
  107. 1 2 Clymer, p.8.
  108. 1 2 3 4 5 Horseless Age 1895.
  109. Clymer, p.170-1 & 207.
  110. Built in Cincinnati, Ohio. Clymer, p.104.
  111. Later Halladay or Streator, eventually Barley. Clymer, p.207.
  112. Car and truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  113. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.104.
  114. Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the Fords.
  115. Built in Newark, Ohio by Halladay
  116. Built in Lewistown, Pennsylvania by Moller
  117. Distinct from Federal steam automobile company. Clymer, p.207.
  118. Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the header maker.
  119. Early American Automobiles 1904 Models
  120. http://www.northfield.org/files/REGuide031908.pdf
  121. Built in Cheboygan, Michigan, it weighed 900 pd and cost US$450. Clymer, p.166.
  122. Distinct from the other one. Clymer, p.207.
  123. An electric car. Clymer, p.40.
  124. 1 2 One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  125. Built in Massillon, Ohio; called their car the Jewel. Clymer, p.63.
  126. 1 2 Kimes 1985, p. 1289
  127. Clymer, p.16.
  128. Built in Clintonville, Wisconsin, with four-wheel drive. Clymer, p.153.
  129. 1 2 Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  130. Clymer, p.51.
  131. Distinct from the steamer. Clymer, p.207.
  132. Made by the multinational as experimental models.
  133. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the multinational
  134. Gasoline and steam. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  135. Flory, p.1016, credits them only for 1950.
  136. Supposedly from Atlanta, Georgia. Clymer, p.207.
  137. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland 1916-1922. Clymer, p.190.
  138. 1 2 Clymer, p.178.
  139. Clymer, pp.14 & 22.
  140. 1 2 Kimes 1985, p. 1447
  141. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  142. Truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  143. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  144. Clymer, pp.170 & 190.
  145. No relation to the school. Clymer, p.170.
  146. Clymer, p.207
  147. Kimes 1985, p. 652,761
  148. Distinct from Hatfield Motor Vehicle Company and Hatfield Company (truck manufacturer). Kimes 1985, p. 682
  149. An aircooled, built in Wisconsin, sold for US$2000. Clymer, p.23.
  150. Clymer, p.112.
  151. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Hewitt-Lindstrom.
  152. Steam and gasoline, based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  153. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the Australian company.
  154. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Holley.
  155. Clymer, pp.170-1 & 207.
  156. 1 2 Clymer, pp.23 & 207.
  157. 1 2 Clymer, pp.5 & 23.
  158. Clymer, pp.170 & 207.
  159. no relation with Jackson car. Kimes 1985, p. 742
  160. In Boston. Kimes 1985, pp. 769, 1407
  161. 1 2 In New York City. Kimes 1985, p. 769
  162. Clymer, p.207; Kimes 1985, p. 769
  163. In Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.23; Kimes 1985, p. 769
  164. In Buffalo, New York. Kimes 1985, p. 769
  165. 1 2 Clymer, pp.18 & 23.
  166. Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.23 & 153.
  167. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 Clymer, p.208.
  168. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with this one.
  169. Also sold commercial vans of 1, 2, 3, & 6 tons. Clymer, p.53.
  170. Clymer, p.131.
  171. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.208.
  172. Kimes 1985, p. 769
  173. Flory, pp.1011-12.
  174. Kimes 1985, p. 774
  175. Based in Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.158.
  176. Kimes 1985, p. 782
  177. 1 2 3 Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  178. Clymer, p.208. Electrette was a model.
  179. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from LaSalle.
  180. Distinct from Lewis Motocycle. Clymer, p.208.
  181. A four-wheeler, despite the name. Clymer, p.8.
  182. Kimes 1985, p. 828
  183. Kimes 1985, p. 635
  184. Before 1912, the cars were called Sears. Clymer, p.90.
  185. Kimes 1985, pp. 859–860
  186. 1 2 Kimes 1975, p. 1004
  187. began with steam autos
  188. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Clymer, p.22.
  189. Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.890
  190. 1 2 Based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 208.
  191. Clymer, p.23. Distinct from Mason (automobile company).
  192. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from Mason (steam automobile company).
  193. Truck maker, Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  194. Built in Waterloo, Iowa. Clymer, p.93.
  195. Clymer, p.84.
  196. Distinct from the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  197. Built in Wisconsin by Joe Merkel, who later built the Merkel Motorcycle. Clymer, p.153.
  198. Distinct from the gas car and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  199. Distinct from the steamer and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  200. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from the Nash
  201. Built in Waltham, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.145.
  202. Built in Moline, Illinois. Clymer, p.93.
  203. Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.36 & 153.
  204. Clymer, p.57.
  205. Clymer, p.208. One of two companies by this name, distinct from Moline-Knight.
  206. Clymer, p.190.
  207. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with Moggie.
  208. Clymer, pp.22 & 208.
  209. Lewis, Mary Beth. "Ten Best First Facts", in Car and Driver, 1/88, p.92.
  210. Flory, p.1016, dates it to 1950.
  211. Built in Traverse City, Michigan. Clymer, pp.170 & 178.
  212. Not to be confused with the producers of the Ruxton.
  213. Clymer, pp.170-1 & 208.
  214. Often misspelled as Neilson (Clymer, p.208)
  215. 1 2 3 Kimes 1975, p. 1003
  216. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with the motorcycle.
  217. Kimes 1975, p. 1005
  218. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 Clymer, p.209.
  219. Built in Milwaukee. Clymer, p.153.
  220. Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945 (1985), p.1013
  221. Clymer, pp.170 & 209.
  222. Based in Cleveland. Same as Ottoker? Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  223. Based in Cleveland. Distinct from Owen Magnetic. Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  224. built in Salem, Mass.; 1 gasoline & 2 electric cars Kimes 1985, p. 1063
  225. Built in Indianapolis, Indiana. Clymer, p.102.
  226. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.151.
  227. 1 2 Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1125
  228. Clymer, p.42.
  229. 1 2 3 Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1126
  230. Clymer, pp.6 & 153.
  231. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.5, 178, & 190.
  232. Friction-drive, built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  233. Auto Katalog 1982 / Freund, Klaus. — Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG, 1981. — Vol. 25. — P. 165.
  234. 1 2 Based in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  235. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the GM division.
  236. Clymer, pp.13 & 23.
  237. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Porter Motor Company.
  238. Flory, p.1016. Distinct from Powell Manufacturing Company?
  239. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Randall (automobile company).
  240. Distinct from the pickup. Clymer, p.209.
  241. Cars & trucks, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  242. Clymer, p.149.
  243. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Reading Steamer.
  244. Clymer, p.209. Said to be the cheapest car ever built.
  245. Producer of four-axle Octoauto and twin rear axle Sextoauto in Columbus, Indiana. Clymer, p.122-4.
  246. 1 2 Clymer, pp.23 & 209.
  247. 1895 car produced by Remington Arms Company. Clymer, p.209.
  248. Clymer, pp.22 & 209.
  249. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers (steam automobile company) and Rogers (automobile company).
  250. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers Steamobile (automobile company). One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.209.
  251. Rolls Royce
  252. From Kansas City, Missouri, supposedly front-wheel drive. Clymer, p.209.
  253. Royal Princess was the gasoline-powered car.
  254. A tricycle. Clymer, p.8.
  255. Clymer, p.209. Same as Dumont (automobile company) By Alberto Santos-Dumont?
  256. Clymer, p.209. By Henry Segrave?
  257. Keystone
  258. Clymer, p.25.
  259. Clymer, pp.90 & 209.
  260. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the Chrysler.
  261. Built in Buffalo, New York. Clymer, p.5.
  262. Built by William H. Sharp , who called it the Arrow. Clymer, p.88.
  263. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Clymer, p.210.
  264. Distinct from Spencer (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  265. Distinct from Spencer (automobile company). Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  266. One of two companies with this name. Clymer, p.210.
  267. 1 2 Distinct from Stanley Motor Carriage Company. Clymer, p.210.
  268. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Stearns (automobile).
  269. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.210.
  270. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  271. Clymer, p.8. Not to be confused with the Jag.
  272. Flory, p.1016. Fitting Cadillac V8s into Studebakers was common in the '50s, under the nickname Studillac, as well as into Fords as Fordillacs; it appears Flory has mistaken it.
  273. Clymer, pp.38 & 210.
  274. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash Motors, Chevrolet, or GMC.
  275. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with Summit Racing Equipment.
  276. Clymer,p.52.
  277. Clymer, p.190, locates them in Cleveland.
  278. Clymer, pp.170 & 210.
  279. Kimes 1985, pp. 1417–1419
  280. Kimes 1985, p. 1422
  281. Kimes 1985, pp. 1423–1424
  282. Clymer, p.22; Kimes 1985, pp. 769, 1472
  283. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the sportscar or the motorcycle.
  284. Distinct from Victor (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  285. Clymer, pp.23. Distinct from Victor (automobile company).
  286. Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Krause Publications, 1985. ISBN 0-87341-045-9. p 1455
  287. Built in Painesville, Ohio. Clymer, p.135.
  288. Detroit-based builder of "generic" cars without badges so dealers could badge them as desired. Clymer, p.146.
  289. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (electric automobile company)
  290. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (automobile company)
  291. Kimes 1985, p. 1491
  292. Built by Reo.
  293. Kimes 1985, p. 1519
  294. 1 2 Kimes 1985, p. 1521
  295. 1 2 Kimes(1985), p. 1524

Литература

  • Automobile Quarterly (eds.). The American Car Since 1775. Kutztown, PA: Automobile Quarterly, Inc., 1971. ISBN 0-525-05300-X
  • Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York: Bonanza Books, 1950.
  • Georgano, Nick (Ed.). The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000. ISBN 1-57958-293-1
  • Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Krause Publications, 1975. ISBN 0-87341-111-0
  • Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Krause Publications, 1985. ISBN 0-87341-045-9
  • Kimes, Beverly Rae, and Clark, Henry Austin, Jr. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942 (3rd edition). Iola, WI: Krause, 1996. ISBN 0-87341-428-4



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