Ernst Heinrich Weber


Ernst Heinrich Weber

Infobox Scientist
name = Ernst Heinrich Weber
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caption = Ernst Heinrich Weber
birth_date = June 24, 1795
birth_place = Wittenberg
death_date = January 26, 1878
death_place =
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nationality = German
ethnicity =
field = physician
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doctoral_students =
known_for = experimental psychology
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Ernst Heinrich Weber (Wittenberg, June 24, 1795 – January 26, 1878) was a German physician who is considered a founder of experimental psychology.

Weber studied medicine at Wittenberg University. In 1818 he was appointed Associate Professor of comparative anatomy at Leipzig University, where he was made a Fellow Professor of anatomy and physiology in 1821.

Around 1860 Weber worked with Gustav Fechner on psychophysics, during which time he formulated Weber's Law.

In 1866 Weber retired as professor of physiology and also as professor of anatomy in 1871. Around this time he and his brother, Eduard Friedrich Weber, discovered the inhibitory power of the vagus nerve.

Works

Chief works:
* "Anatomia comparata nervi sympathici" (1817)
* "De aure et auditu hominis et animalium" (1820)
* "Tractatus de motu iridis" (1821)
* "Wellenlehre" (1825)

Joint works with his brothers Wilhelm Eduard Weber and Eduard Friedrich Weber:
* "Zusätze zur Lehre vom Bau und von der Verrichtung der Geschlechtsorgane" (1846)
* "Die Lehre vom Tastsinn und Gemeingefühl" (185l)
* "Annotationes anatomicae et physiologicae" (1851)

References

*Citation
id = PMID:5334161
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5334161
publication-date=1967 Jan 23
year=1967
title=Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795-1878) leipzig physiologist.
volume=199
issue=4
periodical=JAMA
pages=272-3

*Citation
id = PMID:4584086
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4584086
last=Huizing
first=E H
publication-date=1973
year=1973
title=The early descriptions of the so-called tuning fork tests of Weber and Rinne. I. The "Weber test" and its first description by Schmalz.
volume=35
issue=5
periodical=ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec.
pages=278-82

*Citation
id = PMID:33497
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33497
last=Meischner
first=W
publication-date=1978
year=1978
title= [Ernst Heinrich Weber, 1795-1878]
volume=186
issue=2
periodical=Zeitschrift für Psychologie mit Zeitschrift für angewandte Psychologie
pages=159-69

*Citation
id = PMID:375161
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/375161
last=Zakrzewski
first=A
publication-date=1979
year=1979
title= [Ernst Heinrich Weber--a researcher in psychophysics and the physiology of the nervous system]
volume=33
issue=1
periodical=Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology
pages=84, 110

*Citation
id = PMID:3323515
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3323515
last=Bickerton
first=R C
last2=Barr
first2=G S
publication-date=1987 Dec
year=1987
title=The origin of the tuning fork.
volume=80
issue=12
periodical=Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
pages=771-3

*Citation
id = PMID:7478901
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7478901
last=Ross
first=H E
publication-date=1995
year=1995
title=Weber then and now.
volume=24
issue=6
periodical=Perception
pages=599-602

*Citation
id = PMID:16320825
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16320825
last=Hildebrand
first=Reinhard
publication-date=2005 Nov
year=2005
title= ["... that progress in anatomy is most likely to occur when its problems include the study of growth and function, as well as of structure". about the anatomy and physiology of Ernst Heinrich Weber (794-1878 and Wilhelm His (1831-1904) his successor in the department of anatomy at the University of Leipzig]
volume=187
issue=5-6
periodical=Ann. Anat.
pages=439-59

*

See also

*Weberian apparatus
*Weber test


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