Pilosella aurantiaca


Pilosella aurantiaca
Pilosella aurantiaca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cichorieae[1]
Genus: Pilosella
Species: P. aurantiaca
Binomial name
Pilosella aurantiaca
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Schultz-Bip.
Synonyms

Hieracium aurantiacum L.

Pilosella aurantiaca (Fox-and-cubs, Orange Hawkweed,[2]:208 Tawny Hawkweed, Devil's Paintbrush, Grim-the-collier) is a flowering plant of the family Asteraceae native to alpine regions of central and southern Europe, where it is protected in several regions.

It is a low-growing plant with shallow fibrous roots and a basal rosette of elliptical to lanceolate leaves 5–20 cm long and 1–3 cm broad.[3] The flowering stem is usually leafless or with just one or two small leaves. The stem and leaves are covered with short stiff hairs (trichomes), usually blackish in color. The stems may reach a height of 60 cm and have 2–25 capitula (flowerheads), each 1–2½ cm diameter, bundled together at the end of short pedicels. All parts of the plant exude a milky juice.

The plants propagates through its wind-dispersed seeds, and also vegetatively by stolons and shallow rhizomes.

Cultivation and uses

Whole plant

P. aurantiaca is widely grown as an ornamental plant in gardens for its very decorative flowers. It has been introduced into Australasia and North America and escaped from gardens and is considered an invasive species in some areas. It is found across Canada and the north of the U.S., reaching more in the south on the coasts. The plant is easily removed (until it seeds back) by ploughing or salting, and it cannot be controlled by mowing because it regularly reproduces vegetatively. It is on the noxious weeds and/or quarantine lists of Ontario[4]Colorado,[5] Idaho,[6] Montana,[7] Oregon,[8] Washington,[9] and regions of British Columbia,[10] with cultivation usually prohibited. In Alberta, it is not considered a noxious weed except locally.[11] In Australia, the plant is considered a noxious weed in Tasmania and it is quarantined from the country.[12] In New Zealand, the plant is closely watched[13] and attempts at control are made.

References

  1. ^ "Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae". Flora of North America. http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=1&start_taxon_id=20701. 
  2. ^ Peterson, Roger Tory; McKenny, Margaret (1968). A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and North-Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Company Boston. ISBN 0-395-183251 
  3. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. 
  4. ^ Ontario Weeds: Orange hawkweed, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture
  5. ^ "Colorado Noxious Weeds ID Guide". http://weeds.hotmeal.net/. 
  6. ^ Robert H. Callihan & Timothy W. Miller (2004). "Idaho's Noxious Weeds – Orange Hawkweed". The Idaho Association of Soil Conservation Districts. http://www.oneplan.org/Crop/noxWeeds/nxWeed18.shtml. 
  7. ^ Montana's Statewide Noxious Weed Awareness and Education Campaign. "Weed list". http://www.weedawareness.org/weed_list.html. 
  8. ^ "Noxious Weed List by common name". Oregon Department of Agriculture. http://egov.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/weed_weedlistcommon.shtml. 
  9. ^ "Orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum". Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. http://www.nwcb.wa.gov/weed_info/Hieracium_aurantiacum.html. 
  10. ^ Field Guide to Noxious and Other Selected Weeds of British Columbia (2002). "Orange Hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum)". Ministry of Agriculture and Lands. http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/weedguid/orangehw.htm. 
  11. ^ Alberta Invasive Plants Council. "Orange Hawkweed: Hieracium aurantiacum". Government of Alberta. http://www.srd.gov.ab.ca/forests/pdf/OrangeHawkweed.pdf. 
  12. ^ Department of the Environment and Heritage and the CRC for Australian Weed Management (2003). Orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum). ISBN 1-920-93225-9. http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/publications/h-aurantiacum.html. 
  13. ^ Biosecurity New Zealand. "Pests and Diseases List". http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pest-and-disease-response/pests-and-diseases-watchlist. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pilosella aurantiaca — noun European hawkweed having flower heads with bright orange red rays; a troublesome weed especially as naturalized in northeastern North America; sometimes placed in genus Hieracium • Syn: ↑orange hawkweed, ↑Hieracium aurantiacum • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pilosella — noun genus of hairy perennial herbs with horizontal rhizomes and leafy or underground stolons; Eurasia and North Africa; often considered congeneric with Hieracium • Syn: ↑genus Pilosella • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • genus Pilosella — noun genus of hairy perennial herbs with horizontal rhizomes and leafy or underground stolons; Eurasia and North Africa; often considered congeneric with Hieracium • Syn: ↑Pilosella • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Compositae …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hawkweed — Taxobox name = Hawkweed image width = 250px image caption = Orange Hawkweed ( Hieracium aurantiacum ) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Asterales familia = Asteraceae subfamilia = Cichorioideae tribus =… …   Wikipedia

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  • Écozone paléarctique: plantes à graines par nom scientifique (H) — Écozone paléarctique : plantes à graines par nom scientifique (H) Plantes par écozone Néarctique · Paléarctique · Afrotropical · Indomalais · Australasien · …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Écozone paléarctique : plantes à graines par nom scientifique (H) — v · écozone Néarctique · Paléarctique · Afrotropical · Indomalais · Australasien · Néotropique · Océanien · Antarctique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Écozone paléarctique : plantes à graines par nom scientifique (h) — Plantes par écozone Néarctique · Paléarctique · Afrotropical · Indomalais · Australasien · …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hieracium aurantiacum — noun European hawkweed having flower heads with bright orange red rays; a troublesome weed especially as naturalized in northeastern North America; sometimes placed in genus Hieracium • Syn: ↑orange hawkweed, ↑Pilosella aurantiaca • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary


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