backwardness это:

backwardness
экономическая отсталость ;

Англо-Русский словарь финансовых терминов. 2000.

Смотреть что такое "backwardness" в других словарях:

  • backwardness — back ward*ness, n. The state of being backward. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • backwardness — 1580s, from BACKWARD (Cf. backward) + NESS (Cf. ness) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Backwardness — The backwardness model is a theory of economic growth created by Alexander Gerschenkron. The model postulates that the more backward an economy is at the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur.The more… …   Wikipedia

  • backwardness — backward ► ADJECTIVE 1) directed behind or to the rear. 2) having made less progress than is normal or expected. ● not backward in Cf. ↑not backward in DERIVATIVES backwardly adverb backwardness noun …   English terms dictionary

  • backwardness — noun see backward II …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • backwardness — See backwardly. * * * …   Universalium

  • backwardness — noun a) The state of being backward. b) reluctance …   Wiktionary

  • backwardness — (Roget s Thesaurus II) noun An awkwardness or lack of self confidence in the presence of others: bashfulness, coyness, retiringness, shyness, timidity, timidness. See RESTRAINT …   English dictionary for students

  • backwardness — back·ward·ness || b ækwÉ™dnɪs n. tardiness, retardation, underdevelopment …   English contemporary dictionary

  • backwardness — back·ward·ness …   English syllables

  • backwardness — See: backward …   English dictionary


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